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Cytogenetic analysis of 1000 spontaneous abortions showed 463 to have an abnormal chromosome constitution. The proportion of chromosome abnormalities varied with the gestational age of the abortus and the type of tissue cultured but was not significantly different among the five racial groups represented in the study population. It was suggested that(More)
The results of a cytogenetic and segregation analysis of 110 pedigrees of the mar (X) syndrome are reported. The cytogenetic study indicated an inverse relationship between IQ and the mar(X) frequency in females but not in males. A small but significant effect of age on mar(X) frequency was observed in both males and females, but in females it was(More)
Data on structural chromosome abnormalities identified during prenatal diagnosis were used to estimate the number of such abnormalities that would be detectable in an unselected series of newborns using moderate levels of banding (400 to 500 bands). These estimates were compared with the rates detected in nonbanded surveys of newborns. Between 1976 and 1990(More)
By combining elements of two Y-autosome translocations with displaced autosomal breakpoints, it is possible to produce zygotes heterozygous for a deficiency for the region between the breakpoints, and also, as a complementary product, zygotes carrying a duplication for precisely the same region. A set of Y-autosome translocations with appropriately(More)
Trisomy, occurring in at least 4% of pregnancies, is the most common chromosome abnormality in humans. The majority of trisomies are associated with single additional chromosome. The presence of an additional sex chromosome is often associated with physical, behavioral, and intellectual impairment. The presence of an additional autosome is even more(More)
Turner's syndrome is a sporadic disorder of human females in which all or part of one X chromosome is deleted. Intelligence is usually normal but social adjustment problems are common. Here we report a study of 80 females with Turner's syndrome and a single X chromosome, in 55 of which the X was maternally derived (45,X[m]) and in 25 it was of paternal(More)
The incidence of the various classes of C-band and Q-band polymorphisms on ten pairs of chromosomes in the human complement have been investigated in three Scottish populations, two from the mainland (newborn and 14 year olds) and one, of individuals over 65 years, from an island in the Outer Hebrides. Although there is an overall similarity between the(More)