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OBJECTIVE To measure the change in the minimum alveolar concentration of isoflurane associated with three constant rate infusions of dexmedetomidine. STUDY DESIGN Prospective, randomized, and(More)
Opioids are useful and potent drugs for the management of pain in small animal patients. They have a wide therapeutic index and can be given by a number of different routes. Some of these techniques(More)
Surgical procedures of the wing are commonly performed in companion, captive, and wild avian species. To develop a clinically applicable brachial plexus nerve block technique for perioperative(More)
The management of perioperative pain starts with the use of approaches to minimize anxiety and distress before the procedure. The administration of analgesics or local anesthetics before the start of(More)