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This study was based on 192 patients treated surgically for 228 metastatic lesions of the long bones from 1986 through 1995. The survival rate was 0.3 at 1 year after surgery. The surgical treatment consisted of resection and reconstruction of the involved bone (18), intralesional curettage (133), or stabilization only (77). Reconstruction was achieved by(More)
A retrospective study has indicated that stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) has a value in treating both primary tumors and singular metastatic lesions that cause local symptoms. Here we present the results of a prospective study evaluating the safety and local efficacy of SRT in metastatic or inoperable primary renal cancer. Thirty patients with metastatic(More)
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a serine protease secreted at low levels by normal luminal epithelial cells of the prostate and in significantly higher levels by prostate cancer cells. Therefore, PSA is a potential target for various immunotherapeutical approaches against prostate cancer. DNA vaccination has been investigated as immunotherapy for(More)
A systematic review of radiation therapy trials in several tumour types was performed by The Swedish Council of Technology Assessment in Health Care (SBU). The procedures for evaluation of the scientific literature are described separately (Acta Oncol 2003; 42: 357-365). This synthesis of the literature on radiation therapy for skeletal metastases is based(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We investigated the results of using stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) for 58 patients with renal cell carcinomas (RCC) who were evaluated restrospectively for response rates, local control rates and side effects. PATIENTS AND METHODS From October 1997 to January 2003, 50 patients suffering from metastatic RCC and eight patients with(More)
To determine whether changes in the metabolism of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) assessed by F18-FDG-PET after 14 and 28 days of treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors can predict overall and progression- free patient survival. Thirty-nine consecutive patients with mRCC were included prospectively and underwent PET examinations prior to and after(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the dose-response relationship between radiation-induced atelectasis after stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) and bronchial dose. METHODS AND MATERIALS Seventy-four patients treated with SBRT for tumors close to main, lobar, or segmental bronchi were selected. The association between incidence of atelectasis and bronchial dose(More)
OBJECTIVES Histamine inhibits formation and release of monocyte/macrophage-derived reactive oxygen metabolites and thereby protects natural killer (NK) and T cells against oxidative inhibition. Efficacy and safety of histamine, when given in combination with interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha), were evaluated in patients with metastatic(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether external beam radiation treatment with three or four fields affects the risk of long-term distressful symptoms. The study included 145 patients who had been treated in Stockholm from 1993 to 1996 for localized prostate cancer. Bowel, urinary and sexual function as well as symptom-induced distress were(More)