Peter J. Watson

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COPI-coated vesicles mediate retrograde transport from the Golgi back to the ER and intra-Golgi transport. The cytosolic precursor of the COPI coat, the heptameric coatomer complex, can be thought of as composed of two subcomplexes. The first consists of the beta-, gamma-, delta- and zeta-COP subunits which are distantly homologous to AP clathrin adaptor(More)
The retromer complex is responsible for the retrieval of mannose 6-phosphate receptors from the endosomal system to the Golgi. Here we present the crystal structure of the mammalian retromer subunit mVps29 and show that it has structural similarity to divalent metal-containing phosphoesterases. mVps29 can coordinate metals in a similar manner but has no(More)
Histone deacetylase enzymes (HDACs) are emerging cancer drug targets. They regulate gene expression by removing acetyl groups from lysine residues in histone tails, resulting in chromatin condensation. The enzymatic activity of most class I HDACs requires recruitment into multi-subunit co-repressor complexes, which are in turn recruited to chromatin by(More)
Co-repressor proteins, such as SMRT and NCoR, mediate the repressive activity of unliganded nuclear receptors and other transcription factors. They appear to act as intrinsically disordered "hub proteins" that integrate the activities of a range of transcription factors with a number of histone modifying enzymes. Although these co-repressor proteins are(More)
Eukaryotic transcriptional repressors function by recruiting large coregulatory complexes that target histone deacetylase enzymes to gene promoters and enhancers. Transcriptional repression complexes, assembled by the corepressor NCoR and its homolog SMRT, are crucial in many processes, including development and metabolic physiology. The core repression(More)
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) 1, 2 and 3 form the catalytic subunit of several large transcriptional repression complexes. Unexpectedly, the enzymatic activity of HDACs in these complexes has been shown to be regulated by inositol phosphates, which bind in a pocket sandwiched between the HDAC and co-repressor proteins. However, the actual mechanism of(More)
The GGAs are a family of clathrin adaptor proteins involved in vesicular transport between the trans-Golgi network and endosomal system. Here we confirm reports that GGAs are targeted to the Golgi via interaction between the GGA-GAT domain and ARF-GTP, and we present the structure of the GAT domain of human GGA1, completing the structural description of the(More)
Nuclear receptors are transcription factors that regulate gene expression through the ligand-controlled recruitment of a diverse group of proteins known as coregulators. Most nuclear receptor coregulators function in large multi-protein complexes that modify chromatin and thereby regulate the transcription of target genes. Structural and functional studies(More)
The pupoid foetus mutation in the mouse is a recessive lethal mutation causing death of homozygous (pf/pf) embryos immediately after birth. From 11.3 days gestation onwards, these embryos are characterised externally by the development of a tail twist, followed by apparent stunting of the limbs and tail (when compared with the development of these(More)
During the assembly of clathrin-coated vesicles, many peripheral membrane proteins, including the amphiphysins, use LLDLD-type clathrin-box motifs to interact with the N-terminal β-propeller domain (TD) of clathrin. The 2.3 Å–resolution structure of the clathrin TD in complex with a TLPWDLWTT peptide from amphiphysin 1 delineates a second clathrin-binding(More)