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Examinations of both population genetic structure and the processes that lead to such structure in croc-odilians have been initiated in several species in response to a call by the IUCN Crocodile Specialist Group. A recent study used microsatellite markers to characterize Morelet's crocodile (Crocodylus moreletii) populations in north-central Belize and(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the clinical value of the signal averaged P wave (SAPW) and to compare it with the standard electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiogram, and clinical assessment for the prediction of atrial fibrillation after coronary bypass grafting (CABG). DESIGN Prospective validation cohort study. SETTING Regional cardiothoracic centre. PATIENTS(More)
This paper presents a QRS-T subtraction approach for atrial fibrillation (AF) intracardiac atrial electrograms (AEG). It also presents a comparison between the proposed method and two alternative ventricular subtraction techniques: average beat subtraction (ABS) using a fixed length window and an approach based on flat interpolation for QRS cancellation.(More)
INTRODUCTION The role of substrates in the maintenance of persistent atrial fibrillation (persAF) remains poorly understood. The use of dominant frequency (DF) mapping to guide catheter ablation has been proposed as a potential strategy, but the characteristics of high DF sites have not been extensively studied. This study aimed to assess the DF(More)
AIMS The aim was to study regional fractionation and dominant frequency (DF) to determine if any relationship exists between the two parameters and also to assess the impact of limited left atrial ablation. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients undergoing catheter ablation of persistent AF using three-dimensional navigation were studied. Regional left atrial(More)
Detailed analysis of the QRS complex can identify patients at risk from ventricular arrhythmias, but similar techniques applied to the atria have been disappointing. This study attempts to quantitate differences in the fine morphology of P waves in a group of 9 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) versus 15 control subjects. Atrial triggered(More)
AIMS MAVERIC was a randomised clinical trial designed to test the possibility of prospectively identifying patients who would benefit most from the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) by electrophysiology (EP) study in the context of secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) through comparing EP-guided interventions (anti-arrhythmic drugs,(More)
Catheter ablation is increasingly used to treat patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Ablation of ganglionic plexi is often performed to reduce vagal innervation and has been shown to confer a better long-term outcome in terms of AF recurrence. We report a case of a patient having AF ablation with a profound vagal response, suggesting ganglionic plexus(More)
The detection of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients requiring a permanent pacemaker for sinus node disease may influence the choice of both pacemaker and programmed mode. While signal-averaged ECG of the P wave (SAEP) during sinus rhythm may detect patients with paroxysmal AF, the value of SAEP in the presence of sinus node disease is unknown.(More)
We have previously reported that the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal response to insulin-induced hypoglycaemia is normal while the cortisol release to pituitary stimulation by corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF-41) is reduced in obesity. Impaired growth hormone (GH) secretion is also found in obesity which may result from altered central levels of(More)