Peter J. Stafford

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Examinations of both population genetic structure and the processes that lead to such structure in croc-odilians have been initiated in several species in response to a call by the IUCN Crocodile Specialist Group. A recent study used microsatellite markers to characterize Morelet's crocodile (Crocodylus moreletii) populations in north-central Belize and(More)
The main objective of this article is to implement and compare QRS subtraction techniques for intra-cardiac atrial electrograms based on using the surface ECG as a reference. A band-pass filter between 8 and 20 Hz followed by rectification, and then a low-pass filter at 6 Hz are used for QRS detection. QRS subtraction was performed using three different(More)
This paper presents a QRS-T subtraction approach for atrial fibrillation (AF) intracardiac atrial electrograms (AEG). It also presents a comparison between the proposed method and two alternative ventricular subtraction techniques: average beat subtraction (ABS) using a fixed length window and an approach based on flat interpolation for QRS cancellation.(More)
BACKGROUND Better sudden cardiac death risk markers are needed in ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). Increased heterogeneity of electrical restitution is an important mechanism underlying the risk of ventricular arrhythmia (VA). Our aim was to develop and test a novel quantitative surface electrocardiogram-based measure of VA risk in patients with ICM: the(More)
Most signal averaging processes used for cardiac signals align successive waveforms using a template matching process. In addition to achieving accurate temporal alignment of the signals, this operation must also ensure that the signal average comprises signals of the same morphology. For P wave signal averaging, systems designed for QRS complex averaging(More)
Catheter ablation is increasingly used to treat patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Ablation of ganglionic plexi is often performed to reduce vagal innervation and has been shown to confer a better long-term outcome in terms of AF recurrence. We report a case of a patient having AF ablation with a profound vagal response, suggesting ganglionic plexus(More)
It was long believed that Mahaim pathways represented nodo-fascicular or nodo-ventricular connections. However, this misconception was challenged when patients underwent surgical or catheter ablation of the AV node but remained pre-excited. Electrophysiology (EP) studies showed these pathways to be right sided decrementally conducting atrio-fascicular(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) colour-coded mapping of dominant frequency (DF) from noncontact unipolar electrograms in real-time can serve as a powerful tool for identifying potential atrial fibrillation (AF) drivers allowing the analysis and identification of re-entrant circuits sustaining AF. The main problems with the current technology of 3D DF mappings are(More)
Ablation of persistent atrial fibrillation (persAF) targeting complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs) detected by automated algorithms has produced conflicting outcomes in previous electrophysiological studies. We hypothesize that the differences in these algorithms could lead to discordant CFAE classifications by the available mapping systems,(More)
7 This article presents comparisons among the five ground-motion models described in other articles 8 within this special issue, in terms of data selection criteria, characteristics of the models and predicted 9 peak ground and response spectral accelerations. Comparisons are also made with predictions from the 10 Next Generation Attenuation (NGA) models to(More)