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Two alpha-tubulin genes from the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae were identified and cloned by cross-species DNA homology. Nucleotide sequencing studies revealed that the two genes, named TUB1 and TUB3, encoded gene products of 447 and 445 amino acids, respectively, that are highly homologous to alpha-tubulins from other species. Comparison of the(More)
Microtubules in yeast are essential components of the mitotic and meiotic spindles and are essential for nuclear movement during cell division and mating. The relative importance in these processes of the two divergent alpha-tubulin genes of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, TUB1 and TUB3, was examined through the construction of null mutations(More)
PDZ domains are multifunctional protein-interaction motifs that often bind to the C-terminus of protein targets. Nitric oxide (NO), an endogenous signaling molecule, plays critical roles in nervous, immune, and cardiovascular function. Although there are numerous physiological functions for neuron-derived NO, produced primarily by the neuronal NO synthase(More)
The Na+-H+ exchanger regulatory factor (NHE-RF) is a cytoplasmic phosphoprotein that was first found to be involved in protein kinase A mediated regulation of ion transport. NHE-RF contains two distinct protein interaction PDZ domains: NHE-RF-PDZ1 and NHE-RF-PDZ2. However, their binding partners are currently unknown. Because PDZ domains usually bind to(More)
I describe a technique for screening peptide libraries of over 10(9) independent clones for substrates of peptide-modifying enzymes. The peptides, linked to their genetic material by the lac repressor, are exposed to the enzyme and then screened by affinity purification on a receptor specific for the modified product. The enzyme characterized, E. coli(More)
We describe a convenient method for constructing new plasmids that relies on interchanging parts of plasmids by homologous recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A circular recombinant plasmid of a desired structure is regenerated after transformation of yeast with a linearized plasmid and a DNA restriction fragment containing appropriate homology to(More)
The Escherichia coli biotin holoenzyme synthetase, BirA, catalyzes transfer of biotin to the epsilon amino group of a specific lysine residue of the biotin carboxyl carrier protein (BCCP) subunit of acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Sequences of naturally biotinylated substrates are highly conserved across evolutionary boundaries, and cross-species biotinylation has(More)
Genetic studies on the secretion process in gram-negative bacteria have made considerable progress. Within the near future, such studies should lead to a detailed understanding of the important features of signal sequences and how they function. The cloning of the structural gene for an enzyme that cleaves signal sequences from precursors of secreted(More)
The retinal receptor rhodopsin undergoes a conformational change upon light excitation to form metarhodopsin II (Meta II), which allows interaction and activation of its cognate G protein, transducin (G(t)). A C-terminal 11-amino acid peptide from transducin, G(talpha)-(340-350), has been shown to both bind and stabilize the Meta II conformation, mimicking(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the preclinical erythropoiesis stimulating properties of Hematide, a novel, PEGylated, synthetic peptide for the treatment of anemia associated with chronic kidney disease and cancer. METHODS The in vitro activity of Hematide was assessed in competitive binding, proliferation, signal transduction, and apoptosis assays, and in(More)