Peter J. Schaap

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The filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger is widely exploited by the fermentation industry for the production of enzymes and organic acids, particularly citric acid. We sequenced the 33.9-megabase genome of A. niger CBS 513.88, the ancestor of currently used enzyme production strains. A high level of synteny was observed with other aspergilli sequenced.(More)
Multiple signal transduction pathways within a single cell may share common components. In particular, seven different transmembrane helix receptors may activate identical pathways by interacting with the same G-proteins. Dictyostelium cells respond to cAMP using one such receptor, cAR1, coupled by a typical heterotrimeric G-protein to intracellular(More)
The filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger exhibits great diversity in its phenotype. It is found globally, both as marine and terrestrial strains, produces both organic acids and hydrolytic enzymes in high amounts, and some isolates exhibit pathogenicity. Although the genome of an industrial enzyme-producing A. niger strain (CBS 513.88) has already been(More)
Dictyostelium cells express a G-protein-coupled adenylyl cyclase, ACA, during aggregation and an atypical adenylyl cyclase, ACG, in mature spores. The ACG gene was disrupted by homologous recombination. acg- cells developed into normal fruiting bodies with viable spores, but spore germination was no longer inhibited by high osmolarity, a fairly universal(More)
CRISPR-Cas is a prokaryotic adaptive immune system that provides sequence-specific defense against foreign nucleic acids. Here we report the structure and function of the effector complex of the Type III-A CRISPR-Cas system of Thermus thermophilus: the Csm complex (TtCsm). TtCsm is composed of five different protein subunits (Csm1-Csm5) with an uneven(More)
The CRISPR-Cas system is a prokaryotic host defense system against genetic elements. The Type III-B CRISPR-Cas system of the bacterium Thermus thermophilus, the TtCmr complex, is composed of six different protein subunits (Cmr1-6) and one crRNA with a stoichiometry of Cmr112131445361:crRNA1. The TtCmr complex copurifies with crRNA species of 40 and 46 nt,(More)
Protein secretion plays an eminent role in cell maintenance and adaptation to the extracellular environment of microorganisms. Although protein secretion is an extremely efficient process in filamentous fungi, the mechanisms underlying protein secretion have remained largely uncharacterized in these organisms. In this study, we analyzed the effects of the(More)
Disruption of either the RDEA or REGA genes leads to rapid development in Dictyostelium. The RDEA gene product displays homology to certain H2-type phosphotransferases, while REGA encodes a cAMP phosphodiesterase with an associated response regulator. It has been proposed that RDEA activates REGA in a multistep phosphorelay. To test this proposal, we(More)
We report here that guanylyl cyclase activity is associated with two large integral membrane proteins (PfGCalpha and PfGCbeta) in the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Unusually, the proteins appear to be bifunctional; their amino-terminal regions have strong similarity with P-type ATPases, and the sequence and structure of the carboxyl-terminal(More)
A novel class of cAMP derivatives were tested for binding to surface cAMP receptors (CAR), protein kinase A (PKA), and cAMP-phosphodiesterase (PDE) and for induction of three classes of cAMP regulated genes in Dictyostelium discoideum. These derivatives carry sulfur substitutions for either the axial (Sp) or equatorial (Rp) exocyclic oxygen atoms, while(More)