Peter J. Savage

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The metabolic syndrome has received increased attention in the past few years. This statement from the American Heart Association (AHA) and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) is intended to provide up-to-date guidance for professionals on the diagnosis and management of the metabolic syndrome in adults. The metabolic syndrome is a(More)
In 1984, a prospective cohort study, Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) was initiated to investigate life-style and other factors that influence, favorably and unfavorably, the evolution of coronary heart disease risk factors during young adulthood. After a year of planning and protocol development, 5,116 black and white women and(More)
Available data indicate that cardiovascular disease has become the leading cause of death in American Indians. However, limited information is available on cardiovascular disease incidence, prevalence, and risk factors in this population. Reported cardiovascular disease rates vary greatly among groups in different geographic areas. These rates have been(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal obesity--an elevated level of visceral adipose tissue--has been linked to colorectal cancer. Furthermore, elevated levels of visceral adipose tissue have been associated with hyperinsulinemia, and insulin is a growth factor in the colon. We assessed whether waist circumference, a surrogate measure of visceral adipose tissue, and(More)
BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes mellitus and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease have common antecedents. Since markers of inflammation predict coronary heart disease and are raised in patients with type 2 diabetes, we investigated whether they predict whether people will develop type 2 diabetes. METHODS 12,330 men and women, aged 45-64 years, were followed(More)
The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS) is the first epidemiologic study designed to assess the relationships between insulin resistance, insulinemia, glycemia, other components of the insulin resistance syndrome, and prevalent cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a large multiethnic cohort. Over 1600 men and women were recruited from four geographic(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether there is a link between hypoglycaemia and mortality among participants in the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial. DESIGN Retrospective epidemiological analysis of data from the ACCORD trial. Setting Diabetes clinics, research clinics, and primary care clinics. PARTICIPANTS Patients were(More)
Factor analysis, a multivariate correlation technique, has been used to provide insight into the underlying structure of the metabolic syndrome. The majority of previous factor analyses, however, have used only surrogate measures of insulin sensitivity; very few have included nontraditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors such as plasminogen(More)
BACKGROUND Studies suggest that magnesium intake may be inversely related to risk of hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus and that higher intake of magnesium may decrease blood triglycerides and increase high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels. However, the longitudinal association of magnesium intake and incidence of metabolic syndrome has(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the prospective association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in older people and to evaluate the effect of lowering the threshold for impaired fasting glucose (IFG) on the prevalence of IFG and MetS and the risk of CVD. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Four field centers in U.S. communities.(More)