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Zinc is essential but toxic in excess. Bacterial metallothionein, SmtA from Synechococcus PCC 7942, sequesters and detoxifies four zinc ions per molecule and contains a zinc finger structurally similar to eukaryotic GATA. The dearth of other reported bacterial metallothioneins has been surprising. Here we describe related bacterial metallothioneins (BmtA)(More)
DNA has a strong affinity for many heterocyclic aromatic dyes, such as acridine and its derivatives. Lerman in 1961 first proposed intercalation as the source of this affinity, and this mode of DNA binding has since attracted considerable research scrutiny. Organic intercalators can inhibit nucleic acid synthesis in vivo, and they are now common anticancer(More)
Acetaminophen and its glucuronide, sulfate, N-acetyl-L-cysteinyl, and L-cysteinyl metabolites can be rapidly detected by 1H NMR spectroscopy of intact, untreated human urine. Study of the time course of excretion of these metabolites in five clinically normal men after ingestion of the usual 1-g therapeutic dose of the drug showed that the mean 24-h(More)
This work is the first in-depth study of osmium binding to DNA and confirms the pharmacological activity of a new class of anticancer metallodrugs. We investigated the interactions between the potential biological target DNA and four osmium(II) arene complexes, of the type [(eta 6-arene)Os(LL)Cl]n+, where arene = biphenyl or p-cymene and LL =(More)
Reactions of cisplatin (cis-[PtCl2(NH3)2]) with albumin are thought to play an important role in the metabolism of this anticancer drug. They are investigated here via (i) labeling of cisplatin with 15N and use of two-dimensional 1H,15N NMR spectroscopy, (ii) comparison of natural human serum albumin with recombinant human albumin (higher homogeneity and SH(More)
1. Reactions of fatty-acid-free bovine serum albumin and recombinant human albumin with a range of antiarthritic gold(I) complexes [auranofin, deacetylated auranofin, triethylphosphinegold(I) chloride] and related thiols (thioglucose, tetraacetylthioglucose, glutathione, dithiothreitol) have been investigated using 1H-NMR spectroscopy. 2. In reactions of(More)
Circular dichroism and electron spin resonance spectroscopy are used to investigate the second specific metal binding site on human, bovine and porcine albumins. Ni(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) can displace Cu(II) from the second Cu(II) site but not from the first strong site of human and bovine albumins (the N-terminal site). The second Cu(II) binds more(More)
Pseudomonas putida adapted to growth in 3 mM cadmium. The resistance mechanism involved complexation of cadmium in polyphosphate granules, changes in the structure of the cell membrane and induction of three cysteine-rich, low molecular weight proteins (3500-7000) containing 4 to 7 g-atoms per mole of cadmium, zinc, and copper. Each protein was produced(More)
Metallodrugs offer potential for unique mechanisms of drug action based on the choice of the metal, its oxidation state, the types and number of coordinated ligands and the coordination geometry. We discuss recent progress in identifying new target sites and elucidating the mechanisms of action of anti-cancer, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-parasitic,(More)
  • Huilin Li, Stephen A Wells, +4 authors Peter B O'Connor
  • 2012
Chemical crosslinking in combination with Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FTICR MS) has significant potential for studying protein structures and protein-protein interactions. Previously, cisplatin has been shown to be a crosslinker and crosslinks multiple methionine (Met) residues in apo-calmodulin (apo-CaM). However, the(More)