Peter J Sadler

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Inhibition of the growth of the human ovarian cancer cell line A2780 by organometallic ruthenium(II) complexes of the type [(eta(6)-arene)Ru(X)(Y)(Z)], where arene is benzene or substituted benzene, X, Y, and Z are halide, acetonitrile, or isonicotinamide, or X,Y is ethylenediamine (en) or N-ethylethylenediamine, has been investigated. The X-ray crystal(More)
Zinc is essential but toxic in excess. Bacterial metallothionein, SmtA from Synechococcus PCC 7942, sequesters and detoxifies four zinc ions per molecule and contains a zinc finger structurally similar to eukaryotic GATA. The dearth of other reported bacterial metallothioneins has been surprising. Here we describe related bacterial metallothioneins (BmtA)(More)
We report the development of an enhanced algorithm for the calculation of collision cross-sections in combination with Travelling-Wave ion mobility mass spectrometry technology and its optimisation and evaluation through the analysis of an organoruthenium anticancer complex [(eta6-biphenyl)Ru(II)(en)Cl]+. Excellent agreement was obtained between the(More)
Numerous low-Mr metabolites--including creatinine, citrate, hippurate, glucose, ketone bodies, and various amino acids--have been identified in 400- and 500-MHz proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectra of intact human urine. The presence of many of these was related to the specific condition of the donors: humans in different physiological states(More)
Rats were injected intraperitoneally with HgCl2 at doses of 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10 mumol of Hg/kg. Urine was collected over a 24-hr period. At this time, plasma samples were taken and kidney damage was assessed by histological examination. Urinary gamma-glutamyltransferase levels were significantly elevated at Hg2+ doses of 7.5 and 10 mumol/kg, consistent with(More)
Human PHOSPHO1 is a phosphatase enzyme for which expression is upregulated in mineralizing cells. This enzyme has been implicated in the generation of P(i) for matrix mineralization, a process central to skeletal development. PHOSPHO1 is a member of the haloacid dehalogenase (HAD) superfamily of Mg2+-dependent hydrolases. However, substrates for PHOSPHO1(More)
Medicinal inorganic chemistry can exploit the unique properties of metal ions for the design of new drugs. This has, for instance, led to the clinical application of chemotherapeutic agents for cancer treatment, such as cisplatin. The use of cisplatin is, however, severely limited by its toxic side-effects. This has spurred chemists to employ different(More)
Circular dichroism and electron spin resonance spectroscopy are used to investigate the second specific metal binding site on human, bovine and porcine albumins. Ni(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) can displace Cu(II) from the second Cu(II) site but not from the first strong site of human and bovine albumins (the N-terminal site). The second Cu(II) binds more(More)
We report one-dimensional and two-dimensional 1H-NMR studies of the binding of Ni2+, Cu2+, Co2+, Cd2+ and Al3+ to defatted bovine and human serum albumins. The diamagnetic shifts induced by Ni2+, and paramagnetic effects due to Cu2+, were consistent with strong binding to a square-planar site formed by the three N-terminal amino acid residues (Asp-Thr-His(More)
The nature of non-transferrin-bound iron in the plasma or serum of iron-overloaded hemochromatosis patients was studied by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). 500-MHz proton Hahn spin-echo NMR spectra of plasma or serum, combined with the use of the iron chelator desferrioxamine, suggests(More)