Peter J Rice

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House flies, Musca domestica (L.), and their eggs were treated with 22 monoterpenoids to determine the topical, fumigant, and ovicidal activity of each compound. Fumigant activity of 14 monoterpenoids were examined further using red flour beetles, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst). Third-instar southern corn rootworm, Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi Barber,(More)
Glucans are (1-3)-beta-D-linked polymers of glucose that are produced as fungal cell wall constituents and are also released into the extracellular milieu. Glucans modulate immune function via macrophage participation. The first step in macrophage activation by (1-3)-beta-D-glucans is thought to be the binding of the polymer to specific macrophage(More)
Previous reports showed that nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) reside in macrophage-like cells in human adenoid tissue. This study investigated the ability of nonopsonized NTHi and encapsulated H. influenzae type b (Hib) to enter human monocytic and epithelial cells. The number of intracellular bacteria was determined by a viability assay and flow(More)
Glucans are immunomodulatory carbohydrates found in the cell walls of fungi and certain bacteria. We examined the pharmacokinetics of three water-soluble glucans (glucan phosphate, laminarin, and scleroglucan) after oral administration of 1 mg/kg doses in rats. Maximum plasma concentrations for glucan phosphate occurred at 4 h. In contrast, laminarin and(More)
Glucans are structurally diverse fungal biopolymers that stimulate innate immunity and are fungal pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Dectin-1 is a C-type lectin-like pattern recognition receptor that binds glucans and induces innate immune responses to fungal pathogens. We examined the effect of glucan structure on recognition and binding by murine(More)
Glucan phosphate, a water-soluble, chemically defined (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan biologic response modifier, has been reported to exert antisepsis activity and accelerate wound healing. In this study we describe the specific binding of glucan phosphate to human and murine monocyte/macrophage cell lines, U937 and J774A.1, respectively. At 37 degrees C,(More)
The epinephrine (EPI) stereoisomers interact with the alpha adrenoreceptor according to the Easson-Stedman model with an order of potency of (-)-EPI greater than (+)-EPI = Epinine. A series of catecholimidazolines (CI) and catecholamidines (CA) were compared with the EPI series for the relationship of stereoisomerism to potency, affinity and efficacy.(More)
The role of protein kinase C (PKC) in mediating contractile responses in the rat vas deferens was studied. Phorbol-12,13-diacetate (PDA) in the presence of 20 mM K+ elicited a concentration-dependent response with an EC50 of 190 nM. The non-PKC activator 4 alpha-phorbol (2 microM) was unable to elicit contraction in 20 mM K+ buffer. Incubation of rat vas(More)
(1) Of the 120,000 victims of sulphur mustard gas in World War I there were only 2-3% fatalities, and few long term effects. (2) The interactions of sulphur mustard with the skin are complete within a few minutes of exposure. Once the victim has been decontaminated there is no risk to the attendant and there is no active agent in the blister fluid. (3) The(More)
Aortic strips from spontaneously hypertensive (SH) rats relax in calcium-free physiological medium and contract to approximately 60% of maximum when calcium is again restored to the medium. In vivid contrast, the resting tension of aortic strips from normal rats is unaffected by manipulation of the calcium concentration of the bathing medium. These(More)