Peter J. Reilly

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The first crystal structures of a two-domain, prokaryotic glucoamylase were determined to high resolution from the clostridial species Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum with and without acarbose. The N-terminal domain has 18 antiparallel strands arranged in beta-sheets of a super-beta-sandwich. The C-terminal domain is an (alpha/alpha)(6) barrel,(More)
To correlate structural features with glucoamylase properties, a structure-based multisequence alignment was constructed using information from catalytic and starch-binding domain models. The catalytic domain is composed of three hydrophobic folding units, the most labile and least hydrophobic of them being missing in the most stable glucoamylase. The role(More)
Thioesterases (TEs) are classified into EC 3.1.2.1 through EC 3.1.2.27 based on their activities on different substrates, with many remaining unclassified (EC 3.1.2.-). Analysis of primary and tertiary structures of known TEs casts a new light on this enzyme group. We used strong primary sequence conservation based on experimentally proved proteins as the(More)
Acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterases (acyl-ACP TEs) catalyze the hydrolysis of the thioester bond that links the acyl chain to the sulfhydryl group of the phosphopantetheine prosthetic group of ACP. This reaction terminates acyl chain elongation of fatty acid biosynthesis, and in plant seeds it is the biochemical determinant of the fatty acid(More)
Asn182 --> Ala Aspergillus awamori glucoamylase expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae had a first-order thermodeactivation coefficient 40% that of wild-type glucoamylase at pH 4.5 between 60 degrees and 65 degrees C, caused by the elimination of an Asn-Gly sequence subject to deamidation and eventual chain breakage. Above 70 degrees C, and at pHs 3.5 and(More)
Sixteen primary sequences from five sub-families of fungal, yeast and bacterial glucoamylases were related to structural information from the model of the catalytic domain of Aspergillus awamori var. X100 glucoamylase obtained by protein crystallography. This domain is composed of thirteen alpha-helices, with five conserved regions defining the active site.(More)
The model of the catalytic domain of Aspergillus awamori var. X100 glucoamylase was related to 14 other glucoamylase protein sequences belonging to five subfamilies. Structural features of the different sequences were revealed by multisequence alignment following hydrophobic cluster analysis. The alignment agreed with the hydrophobic microdomains, normally(More)
The enthalpy change for the hydrolysis of phosphorylcreatine (PCr) by hydrochloric acid or by alkaline phosphatase was observed at 0, 25, and 37 degrees C. The value for delta H is -44 kJ mol-1 under alkaline, Mg2+-free conditions and is almost independent of temperature, ionic strength, and concentration of reactants. In muscle the reaction is accompanied(More)
Excessive Ca2+ influx through NMDA receptor-coupled channels has been linked to neuronal cell death. Using an in vitro model of transient brain ischemia, we investigated possible protective effects of NMDA receptor antagonists ketamine or MK-801 and of calmidazolium, an inhibitor of intracellular Ca2(+)-activated proteins. Brain ischemia/recovery was(More)
Two forms of Ruminococcus flavefaciens FD-1 endoglucanase B, a member of glycoside hydrolase family 44, one with only a catalytic domain and the other with a catalytic domain and a carbohydrate binding domain (CBM), were produced. Both forms hydrolyzed cellotetraose, cellopentaose, cellohexaose, carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), birchwood and larchwood xylan,(More)