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BACKGROUND Acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterases (acyl-ACP TEs) catalyze the hydrolysis of the thioester bond that links the acyl chain to the sulfhydryl group of the phosphopantetheine prosthetic group of ACP. This reaction terminates acyl chain elongation of fatty acid biosynthesis, and in plant seeds it is the biochemical determinant of the fatty acid(More)
Excessive Ca2+ influx through NMDA receptor-coupled channels has been linked to neuronal cell death. Using an in vitro model of transient brain ischemia, we investigated possible protective effects of NMDA receptor antagonists ketamine or MK-801 and of calmidazolium, an inhibitor of intracellular Ca2(+)-activated proteins. Brain ischemia/recovery was(More)
The ThYme (Thioester-active enzYme; http://www.enzyme.cbirc.iastate.edu) database has been constructed to bring together amino acid sequences and 3D (tertiary) structures of all the enzymes constituting the fatty acid synthesis and polyketide synthesis cycles. These enzymes are active on thioester-containing substrates, specifically those that are parts of(More)
Thermodynamic information can be inferred from static atomic configurations. To model the thermodynamics of carbohydrate binding to proteins accurately, a large binding data set has been assembled from the literature. The data set contains information from 262 unique protein-carbohydrate crystal structures for which experimental binding information is(More)
We describe a new method of describing the pucker of an N-member monocyclic ring using N - 3 parameters. To accomplish this, three ring atoms define a reference plane, and the remainder of the ring is decomposed into triangular flaps. The angle of incidence for each flap upon the reference plane is then measured. The combination of these angles is(More)
We present an automated docking protocol specifically optimized to predict the structure and affinity of a protein-carbohydrate complex. A scoring function was developed based on a training set of 30 protein-carbohydrate complexes of known structure and affinity. Combinations of several models for hydrogen bonding, torsional entropy loss, and solvation were(More)
A study of carboxylic ester hydrolases: structural classification, properties, and database" (2015). Graduate Theses and Dissertations. Paper 14779. ACKNOWLEDGMENT iv CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION 1 CHAPTER 2. EARLIER RESEARCH 3 ThYme database 3 Thioesterases 4 Ketoacyl synthases 5 Acyl-CoA carboxylases 6 Carbohydrate binding modules 8 References 10 CHAPTER 3.(More)
Ketoacyl reductases (KRs), hydroxyacyl dehydratases (HDs), and enoyl reductases (ERs) are part of the fatty acid/polyketide synthesis cycle. They are known as acyl dehydrogenases, enoyl hydratases, and hydroxyacyl dehydrogenases, respectively, when catalyzing their reverse reactions. Earlier, we classified these enzymes into four KR, eight HD, and five ER(More)
We gathered primary and tertiary structures of acyl-CoA carboxylases from public databases, and established that members of their biotin carboxylase (BC) and biotin carboxyl carrier protein (BCCP) domains occur in one family each and that members of their carboxyl transferase (CT) domains occur in two families. Protein families have members similar in(More)