Peter J. Milla

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Usher syndrome type 1 describes the association of profound, congenital sensorineural deafness, vestibular hypofunction and childhood onset retinitis pigmentosa. It is an autosomal recessive condition and is subdivided on the basis of linkage analysis into types 1A through 1E. Usher type 1C maps to the region containing the genes ABCC8 and KCNJ11 (encoding(More)
BACKGROUND In patients receiving long-term parenteral nutrition (PN), cholestatic disease and nervous system disorders have been associated with high blood concentrations of manganese. In such patients, the normal homoeostatic mechanisms of the liver and gut are bypassed and the requirement for this trace element is not known; nor has it been certain(More)
This is the first attempt at defining criteria for functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in infancy, childhood, and adolescence. The decision-making process was as for adults and consisted of arriving at consensus, based on clinical experience. This paper is intended to be a quick reference. The classification system selected differs from the one(More)
BACKGROUND Lipid emulsions used for parenteral nutrition (PN) contain phytosterols. Our hypothesis was that these phytosterols can accumulate and contribute to cholestatic liver disease and other complications of PN, e.g., thrombocytopenia (which occurs in hereditary phytosterolemia). METHODS Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, plasma(More)
Recognizing the importance of childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders in understanding adult functional gastrointestinal disorders, and encouraging clinical and research interest, the Rome Coordinating Committee added a pediatric working team to Rome II in 1999. For Rome III, there was an increase from 1 to 2 pediatric working teams. This report(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) may have gastrointestinal manifestations, commonly colitis. The etiology, prevalence, and inflammatory process of CGD colitis are unclear. OBJECTIVES To characterize the inflammatory process of CGD colitis and to compare it with other inflammatory bowel disorders. METHODS Colonic mucosal(More)
The term gastrointestinal neuromuscular disease describes a clinically heterogeneous group of disorders of children and adults in which symptoms are presumed or proven to arise as a result of neuromuscular, including interstitial cell of Cajal, dysfunction. Such disorders commonly have impaired motor activity, i.e. slowed or obstructed transit with(More)
AIMS Functional intestinal obstruction or chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is due to defects either in the enteric innervation or in intestinal smooth muscle. We have studied full-thickness intestinal biopsies from 27 patients with functional intestinal obstruction due to enteric smooth muscle disease by routine histology and electron(More)
BACKGROUND Involvement of the gut in chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) has been previously described and colitis highlighted. However, the nature and histopathology of the colitis are unclear and have been thought to be non-specific or similar to Crohn's disease. METHODS Seven patients with CGD, suffering from gastrointestinal symptoms were(More)
BACKGROUND Vomiting is common in children with disorders of the central nervous system (CNS) and is usually ascribed to gastroesophageal reflux (GER). However, recent acquisitions on the pathophysiology of vomiting suggest that the dysmotility of the foregut may be more widespread. METHODS Fifty-five children with CNS disorders, 50 of whom suffered from(More)