Learn More
Humans have more than doubled the amount of reactive nitrogen (Nr) added to the biosphere, yet most of what is known about its accumulation and ecological effects is derived from studies of heavily populated regions. Nitrogen (N) stable isotope ratios ((15)N:(14)N) in dated sediments from 25 remote Northern Hemisphere lakes show a coherent signal of an(More)
Local adaptation to heterogeneous environments generates population diversity within species, significantly increasing ecosystem stability and flows of ecosystem services. However, few studies have isolated the specific mechanisms that create and maintain this diversity. Here, we examined the relationship between water temperature in streams used for(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) mediates immunological, physiological, and metabolic changes associated with inflammation and host defense systems. Measurement of IL-1 activity can vary with the bioassay employed and substances have been described in several bioassay systems that either inhibit or mimic IL-1 activity. We now report a sensitive, rapid (24 hour), and(More)
During the period of 1998 to 2002, there was an increase in the incidence of antibody-positive pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) in patients receiving subcutaneous administration of EPREX (epoetinum alfa). As part of the investigation of this event, the aqueous formulation containing polysorbate 80, introduced in 1998, facilitated the leaching of small-molecule,(More)
A rapid quantitative analysis of the sialylated N-linked oligosaccharides of recombinant erythropoietin (EPO) expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells has been developed. The procedure utilizes a glycoamidase (glycopeptidase F) to release all of the N-linked oligosaccharides from the native glycoprotein, followed by direct chromatographic analysis(More)
The improved sensitivity and soft ionization characteristics of electrospray (ES) mass spectrometry (MS) has been applied to the glycan structures of recombinant erythropoietin (rEPO). The four glycopeptides (O-126, N-24, N-38, N-83) were mapped, isolated, deglycosylated, and the glycans profiled (without desialylation) by ES-MS as their methyl derivatives.(More)
THP-1 is an acute monocytic leukemia cell line which acquires phenotypic and functional monocytoid-like features following incubation with mezerein. The current study concerned the modulation of these features by rIFN gamma. rIFN gamma induces the time-dependent enhancement of HLA-DR expression in the presence or absence of mezerein but has no effect on the(More)
When resources are spatially and temporally variable, consumers can increase their foraging success by moving to track ephemeral feeding opportunities as these shift across the landscape; the best examples derive from herbivore-plant systems, where grazers migrate to capitalize on the seasonal waves of vegetation growth. We evaluated whether analogous(More)
Free solution capillary electrophoresis has been investigated as an alternative to isoelectric focusing for the separation of the glycoforms of recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEPO), a primary regulator of erythropoiesis. A systematic approach was used to study the effect of pH, buffer type and organic modifiers on the resolution of the(More)
Observational data from the past century have highlighted the importance of interdecadal modes of variability in fish population dynamics, but how these patterns of variation fit into a broader temporal and spatial context remains largely unknown. We analyzed time series of stable nitrogen isotopes from the sediments of 20 sockeye salmon nursery lakes(More)