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We investigated the changes which occur in gene expression in the human macrophage cell line, THP1, at 1, 6 and 12 hr following infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The analysis was carried out at the transcriptome level, using microarrays consisting of 375 human genes generally thought to be involved in immunoregulation, and at the proteomic level,(More)
The M. tuberculosis recA locus comprises an 85 kd open reading frame but produced 38 kd RecA and 47 kd products in E. coli. No RNA processing was detected; rather, an 85 kd precursor protein was spliced, releasing a 47 kd spacer protein, and joining its terminal fragments to form mature RecA protein. "Spacer" protein was also produced in M. tuberculosis and(More)
In mycobacteria, as in most bacterial species, the expression of RecA is induced by DNA damage. However, the authors show here that the kinetics of recA induction in Mycobacterium smegmatis and in Mycobacterium tuberculosis are quite different: whilst maximum expression in M. smegmatis occurred 3-6 h after addition of a DNA-damaging agent, incubation for(More)
Previous studies showed that mice with pristane-induced arthritis (PIA) and those protected from the disease by preimmunization with mycobacterial 65-kDa heat shock protein (hsp65) possess raised immune responses to hsp65. Additionally, T cells from hsp65-protected mice, but not from pristane-injected or normal mice, produced the Th2-associated cytokines(More)
CD4+ T cell clones specific for the mycobacterial hsp 65 were obtained from synovial fluid of a DR4 homozygous rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patient. A stimulatory epitope was defined using both deletion mutants of the mycobacterial hsp 65 and synthetic peptides and proved to be in a highly conserved region of the molecule. Despite this, however, there was no(More)
6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) 10 and 40 micrograms/24 h infused bilaterally for 4 days into the rat substantia nigra (SN) caused a 'freezing' akinetic response which was apparent within 24 h and which persisted throughout the period of infusion. The infusion of 10 or 40 micrograms/24 h 6-OHDA into the SN failed to cause any change in motor coordination, or(More)
Adjuvant arthritis in rats is induced by a T cell clone specific for amino acids 180-188 of the mycobacterial 65-kD heat-shock protein, and synovial T cell responses to this same Ag have been noted in human arthritis. We have isolated 65-kD Ag-specific T cell clones from synovial fluid mononuclear cells of a patient with acute arthritis, which, unlike the(More)
Three novel colorimetric methods of detecting urinary nicotine metabolites called the barbituric acid, diethylthiobarbituric acid (DETB), and DETB extraction methods were evaluated for use as a simple, cheap, objective test of smoking. Urine samples were collected from 103 male smokers and 78 male non-smokers working at two London factories. The smokers(More)
We reported earlier (S. Singh, N. P. Shanker Narayan, P. J. Jenner, G. Ramu, M. J. Colston, H. K. Prasad, and I. Nath, Infect. Immun. 62:86-90, 1994) that polyclonal antibodies directed against selective sequences in the Mycobacterium leprae recombinant protein designated LSR were present in lepromatous leprosy patients undergoing erythema nodosum leprosum(More)
Type 2 reactions (erythema nodosum leprosum [ENL]) are episodic, reactional states causing significant morbidity in lepromatous leprosy patients. With a view to defining the immunological differences between the stable and reactional forms of lepromatous leprosy, we determined antibody responses to LSR, a recombinant protein of Mycobacterium leprae(More)