Peter J. Jenner

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We investigated the changes which occur in gene expression in the human macrophage cell line, THP1, at 1, 6 and 12 hr following infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The analysis was carried out at the transcriptome level, using microarrays consisting of 375 human genes generally thought to be involved in immunoregulation, and at the proteomic level,(More)
There is increasing evidence for a defect of mitochondrial respiratory chain function in Parkinson's disease. Specific NADH CoQ1 reductase (complex I) deficiency has been identified in the substantia nigra. Available evidence suggests that this defect is confined to the substantia nigra and is not present elsewhere in the parkinsonian brain. The absence of(More)
Adjuvant arthritis in rats is induced by a T cell clone specific for amino acids 180-188 of the mycobacterial 65-kD heat-shock protein, and synovial T cell responses to this same Ag have been noted in human arthritis. We have isolated 65-kD Ag-specific T cell clones from synovial fluid mononuclear cells of a patient with acute arthritis, which, unlike the(More)
The M. tuberculosis recA locus comprises an 85 kd open reading frame but produced 38 kd RecA and 47 kd products in E. coli. No RNA processing was detected; rather, an 85 kd precursor protein was spliced, releasing a 47 kd spacer protein, and joining its terminal fragments to form mature RecA protein. "Spacer" protein was also produced in M. tuberculosis and(More)
Previous studies showed that mice with pristane-induced arthritis (PIA) and those protected from the disease by preimmunization with mycobacterial 65-kDa heat shock protein (hsp65) possess raised immune responses to hsp65. Additionally, T cells from hsp65-protected mice, but not from pristane-injected or normal mice, produced the Th2-associated cytokines(More)
It has been proposed that isoniazid-induced hepatotoxicity may be increased by concomitant rifampicin treatment and that this could be mediated by inducing the metabolism of the isoniazid metabolite monoacetylhydrazine to potent acylating agents capable of causing liver necrosis. To investigate this postulated mechanism we studied the kinetics of the(More)
Three novel colorimetric methods of detecting urinary nicotine metabolites called the barbituric acid, diethylthiobarbituric acid (DETB), and DETB extraction methods were evaluated for use as a simple, cheap, objective test of smoking. Urine samples were collected from 103 male smokers and 78 male non-smokers working at two London factories. The smokers(More)
1. The possibility of using minute doses of the antituberculosis drug isoniazid (INH) or of its metabolites acetylisoniazid (AcINH) or isonicotinic acid (INA) as innocuous markers for monitoring patient compliance has been investigated. 2. The ingestion of these colourless and tasteless compounds can readily be demonstrated using a sensitive and specific(More)
CD4+ T cell clones specific for the mycobacterial hsp 65 were obtained from synovial fluid of a DR4 homozygous rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patient. A stimulatory epitope was defined using both deletion mutants of the mycobacterial hsp 65 and synthetic peptides and proved to be in a highly conserved region of the molecule. Despite this, however, there was no(More)
The gene encoding a major 28-kilodalton antigen of Mycobacterium leprae has now been sequenced and identified as the enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD) on the basis of the high degree of homology with known SOD sequences. The deduced amino acid sequence shows 67% homology with a human manganese-utilizing SOD and 55% homology with the Escherichia coli(More)