Peter J. Hutchinson

Ibrahim Jalloh8
Adel Helmy7
Keri L. H. Carpenter7
8Ibrahim Jalloh
7Adel Helmy
7Keri L. H. Carpenter
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There is a growing realisation that neuro-inflammation plays a fundamental role in the pathology of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). This has led to the search for biomarkers that reflect these underlying inflammatory processes using techniques such as cerebral microdialysis. The interpretation of such biomarker data has been limited by the statistical methods(More)
Cognitive dysfunction is a devastating consequence of traumatic brain injury that affects the majority of those who survive with moderate-to-severe injury, and many patients with mild head injury. Disruption of key monoaminergic neurotransmitter systems, such as the dopaminergic system, may play a key role in the widespread cognitive dysfunction seen after(More)
Human brain chemistry is incompletely understood and better methodologies are needed. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) causes metabolic perturbations, one result of which includes increased brain lactate levels. Attention has largely focussed on glycolysis, whereby glucose is converted to pyruvate and lactate, and is proposed to act as an energy source by(More)
Much progress has been made over the past two decades in the treatment of severe acute brain injury, including traumatic brain injury and subarachnoid hemorrhage, resulting in a higher proportion of patients surviving with better outcomes. This has arisen from a combination of factors. These include improvements in procedures at the scene (pre-hospital) and(More)
The pathophysiology of traumatic brain (TBI) injury involves changes to glucose uptake into the brain and its subsequent metabolism. We review the methods used to study cerebral glucose metabolism with a focus on those used in clinical TBI studies. Arterio-venous measurements provide a global measure of glucose uptake into the brain. Microdialysis allows(More)
The ability to deliver drug molecules effectively across the blood–brain barrier into the brain is important in the development of central nervous system (CNS) therapies. Cerebral microdialysis is the only existing technique for sampling molecules from the brain extracellular fluid (ECF; also termed interstitial fluid), the compartment to which the(More)
In traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients, elevation of the brain extracellular lactate concentration and the lactate/pyruvate ratio are well-recognized, and are associated statistically with unfavorable clinical outcome. Brain extracellular lactate was conventionally regarded as a waste product of glucose, when glucose is metabolized via glycolysis(More)
Measuring health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has an important role in the comprehensive assessment of patient recovery following traumatic brain injury (TBI). We examined the validity of domain and summary scores derived from the Medical Outcomes Survey 36-Item Short Form Health Questionnaire (SF-36) as outcome measures for TBI in a prospective study of(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral edema is a common sequelum post traumatic brain injury (TBI). Quantification of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) may help to characterize the pathophysiology of brain swelling. METHODS Twenty-two patients with moderate-to-severe TBI underwent magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, including DTI,(More)