Peter J. Hume

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Salmonella pathogenesis relies upon the delivery of over thirty specialised effector proteins into the host cell via two distinct type III secretion systems. These effectors act in concert to subvert the host cell cytoskeleton, signal transduction pathways, membrane trafficking and pro-inflammatory responses. This allows Salmonella to invade non-phagocytic(More)
Virulence effectors delivered into intestinal epithelial cells by Salmonella trigger actin remodeling to direct pathogen internalization and intracellular replication in Salmonella-containing vacuoles (SCVs). One such effector, SptP, functions early during pathogen entry to deactivate Rho GTPases and reverse pathogen-induced cytoskeletal changes following(More)
Adhesion of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli to epithelial cells triggers actin-rich pedestal formation beneath the bacteria. Pedestal formation requires delivery and insertion of the bacterial translocated intimin receptor (Tir) into the host plasma membrane. The C-terminal regions in Tir, encompassing Y483 and Y511, share sequence similarity with(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) mimic a ligand-receptor interaction to induce 'pedestal-like' pseudopodia on mammalian cells, providing a tractable system to study tyrosine kinase signalling to the actin cytoskeleton. EPEC delivers its own receptor (Tir), which is engaged by a bacterial surface ligand (intimin). When Tir delivery and activity are(More)
A critical early event in Salmonella infection is entry into intestinal epithelial cells. The Salmonella invasion protein SipB is required for the delivery of bacterial effector proteins into target eukaryotic cells, which subvert signal transduction pathways and cytoskeletal dynamics. SipB inserts into the host plasma membrane during infection, and the(More)
ADP ribosylation factor (Arf) 6 anchors to the plasma membrane, where it coordinates membrane trafficking and cytoskeleton remodelling, but how it assembles actin filaments is unknown. By reconstituting membrane-associated actin assembly mediated by the WASP family veroprolin homolog (WAVE) regulatory complex (WRC), we recapitulated an Arf6-driven actin(More)
UNLABELLED To establish intracellular infections, Salmonella bacteria trigger host cell membrane ruffling and invasion by subverting cellular Arf guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) that activate Arf1 and Arf6 GTPases by promoting GTP binding. A family of cellular Arf GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) can downregulate Arf signaling by stimulating GTP(More)
The WAVE regulatory complex (WRC) is a critical element in the control of actin polymerization at the eukaryotic cell membrane, but how WRC is activated remains uncertain. While Rho GTPase Rac1 can bind and activate WRC in vitro, this interaction is of low affinity, suggesting other factors may be important. By reconstituting WAVE-dependent actin assembly(More)
An essential early event in Shigella and Salmonella pathogenesis is invasion of non-phagocytic intestinal epithelial cells. Pathogen entry is triggered by the delivery of multiple bacterial effector proteins into target mammalian cells. The Shigella invasion plasmid antigen B (IpaB), which inserts into the host plasma membrane, is required for effector(More)
Entry into non-phagocytic mammalian cells by the invasive pathogens Salmonella and Shigella is triggered by the delivery of bacterial virulence effector proteins into the host cell. This is dependent upon Salmonella SipB or its Shigella homologue IpaB, which insert into the eukaryotic cell plasma membrane. Here we show that a SipB-derived 166 residue(More)