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This paper describes the Passive Active RFID Tag (PART). The first innovation is an automated method to generate RFID tag controllers based on high-level descriptions of a customised set of RFID primitives. We are capable of targeting microprocessor-based or custom hardware-based controllers. The second innovation is a passive burst switch front-end to the(More)
Radio frequency identification (RFID) is a form of wireless communication that is used to identify assets and people. RFID has significant benefits to the medical environment. However, serious security threats are present in RFID systems that must be addressed in a medical environment. Of particular interest are threats to patient privacy and safety based(More)
While RFID is starting to become a ubiquitious technology, the variation between different RFID systems still remains high. This paper presents several prototyping environments for different components of radio frequency identification (RFID) tags to demonstrate how many of these components can be standardized for many different purposes. We include two(More)
The Smart Grid will incorporate computer networking technologies into the electrical generation, transmission , and distribution sectors. Thus, there will be an underlying Critical Information Infrastructure (CII) based on these network connections. This CII is vulnerable to traditional cyber or computer based attacks typically geared toward disabling(More)
Intrusion prevention and detection in physical access control systems relying on radio frequency identification (RFID) can be problematic with the ease of cloning passive RFID tags and the apparent dichotomy between total privilege revocation and merely logging intrusion events. This paper proposes a means of gracefully reducing access privileges in RFID(More)
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology enables wireless communication between a RFID reader and a RFID tag. One type, passive RFID tags, need no battery, being powered from the RFID reader's radio frequency signal. Passive RFID tags can support memories that can be used to store portions of the patient's medical history. One form factor for(More)
— Extremely resilient actuators can built by collecting force-generating, computational, and sensing modules together to fit into the allotted volume. Including extra modules makes the actuator damage tolerant. This modular architecture allows an actuator at any performance point to be easily synthesized from a small number of component parts. The embedded(More)
SCADA systems monitor and control many critical installations around the world, interpreting information gathered from a multitude of resources to drive physical processes to a desired state. In order for the system to react correctly, the data it collects from sensors must be reliable, accurate, and timely, regardless of distance and environmental(More)