Peter J. Gallant

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Transcription factors of the Myc proto-oncogene family promote cell division, but how they do this is poorly understood. Here we address the functions of Drosophila Myc (dMyc) during development. Using mosaic analysis in the fly wing, we show that loss of dMyc retards cellular growth (accumulation of cell mass) and reduces cell size, whereas dMyc(More)
Experiments in both vertebrates and invertebrates have illustrated the competitive nature of growth and led to the idea that competition is a mechanism of regulating organ and tissue size. We have assessed competitive interactions between cells in a developing organ and examined their effect on its final size. We show that local expression of the Drosophila(More)
Myc proteins are powerful proto-oncoproteins and important promoters of growth and proliferation during normal development. They are thought to exercise their effects upon binding to their partner protein Max, and their activities are largely antagonized by complexes of Max with Mnt or an Mxd family protein. Although the biological functions of Myc, Mxd and(More)
Pontin and Reptin are two closely related members of the AAA+ family of DNA helicases. They have roles in diverse cellular processes, including the response to DNA double-strand breaks and the control of gene expression. The two proteins share residence in different multiprotein complexes, such as the Tip60, Ino80, SRCAP and Uri1 complexes in animals, which(More)
Transplantation experiments have shown that developing metazoan organs carry intrinsic information about their size and shape. Organ and body size are also sensitive to extrinsic cues provided by the environment, such as the availability of nutrients. The genetic and molecular pathways that contribute to animal size and shape are numerous, yet how they(More)
The human c-myc proto-oncogene, implicated in the control of many cellular processes including cell growth and apoptosis, encodes three isoforms which differ in their N-terminal region. The functions of these isoforms have never been addressed in vivo. Here, we used Drosophila melanogaster to examine their functions in a fully integrated system. First, we(More)
This article describes the characterization of a new Drosophila gene that we have called pitchoune (pit) (meaning small in Provence) because mutations in this gene produce larvae that cannot grow beyond the first instar larval stage although they can live as long as 7-10 days. All the tissues are equally affected and the perfectly shaped larvae are(More)
The proto-oncogene Myc is already known to affect many cellular processes, but recent experiments in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster have revealed yet a new facet of Myc. Neighboring cells were shown to compare their Myc levels and the losers (cells with lower Myc activity) were actively eliminated. This phenomenon is called "cell competition," and it(More)
The transcription factor dMyc is the sole Drosophila ortholog of the vertebrate c-myc protooncogenes and a central regulator of growth and cell-cycle progression during normal development. We have investigated the molecular basis of dMyc function by analyzing its interaction with the putative transcriptional cofactors Tip48/Reptin (Rept) and Tip49/Pontin(More)
Myc is a transcription factor with diverse biological effects ranging from the control of cellular proliferation and growth to the induction of apoptosis. Here we present a comprehensive analysis of the transcriptional targets of the sole Myc ortholog in Drosophila melanogaster, dMyc. We show that the genes that are down-regulated in response to dmyc(More)