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Doppler test objects are used to characterise Doppler systems, both stand-alone systems and the Doppler part of so-called duplex scanners. The aim of the project partially presented here is the development and validation of an example of a Doppler test object fulfilling the requirements of the IEC 1685. The project has been carried out by nine partners of(More)
Simulated time-varying Doppler signals incorporating bandwidth, power variation and vortex simulation have been used to compare a number of signal analysis techniques with a view to optimising the accuracy of convective velocity waveform, spectral broadening and vortex signal estimation. The short-time Fourier transform (STFT), the autoregressive (AR)(More)
  • P J Fish
  • 1991
Conventional measurement of the spectrum of arterial signals from the pulsed ultrasonic Doppler instrument uses windowed, sequential data segments. The Doppler signal is assumed stationary for the duration of each segment. It is shown here that this assumption is often unreasonable and the effect of mean frequency variation during the data segment has been(More)
Acoustic emissions from a 2120 cubic in air-gun array were recorded through a towed hydrophone assembly during an oil industry 2-D seismic survey off the West Wales Coast of the British Isles. Recorded seismic pulses were sampled, calibrated, and analyzed post-survey to investigate power levels of the pulses in the band 200 Hz-22 kHz at 750-m, 1-km, 2.2-km,(More)
The spectral width of Doppler signals is used as measure of lesion-induced flow disturbance. Its estimation accuracy is compromised using the conventional short-term Fourier transform (STFT) since this method implicitly assumes signal stationarity during the signal window while the Doppler signals from arteries are markedly nonstationary. The Wigner-Ville(More)
A new formulation for the Doppler signal generation process in pulsatile flow has been developed enabling easier identification and quantification of the mechanisms involved in spectral broadening and the development of a simple estimation formula for the measured rms spectral width. The accuracy of the estimation formula was tested by comparing it with the(More)
Doppler ultrasound instruments, used for the detection and monitoring of vascular disease, require a means of separating the large, low frequency Doppler signal from the vessel wall from the signal arising from blood followed by a means of analysing the blood flow signal in order to characterise the flow conditions. This is normally achieved by using a(More)
In Doppler ultrasound (US) systems, a high-pass filter is usually employed to remove the wall component from the blood flow signal. However, this will lead to the loss of information from the low velocity flow. In this paper, an algorithm based on the principal components analysis (PCA) is proposed, in which singular value decomposition (SVD) is used to(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE It has been observed that skin patterning tends to be disrupted by malignant but not by benign skin lesions. This suggests that measurements of skin pattern disruption on simply captured white light optical skin images could be a useful contribution to a diagnostic feature set. Previous work using a measurement of line strength by a(More)
— A novel approach for blood and wall signal separation in Doppler ultrasound is proposed in the wavelet timescale domain. The Doppler signals of different clutter-to-blood ratios from a femoral artery were simulated and used in the experiments. Compared with the conventional high-pass filtering and the signal separation in the spectrogram, the new method(More)