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Oxidation of methionine residues to methionine sulfoxide can lead to inactivation of proteins. Methionine sulfoxide reductase (MsrA) has been known for a long time, and its repairing function well characterized. Here we identify a new methionine sulfoxide reductase, which we referred to as MsrB, the gene of which is present in genomes of eubacteria,(More)
Desferrioxamines are a structurally related family of tris-hydroxamate siderophores that form strong hexadentate complexes with ferric iron. Desferrioxamine B has been used clinically for the treatment of iron overload in man. We have unambiguously identified desferrioxamine E as the major desferrioxamine siderophore produced by Streptomyces coelicolor M145(More)
The ultrahigh resolution and sensitivity of electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (ESI-FTICR) mass spectrometry have for the first time been exploited for the characterization of highly sialylated glycoproteins, using human alpha-1-acid glycoprotein as the model compound. An alternative approach to the widely used(More)
Noncovalent binding of the synthetic peptide RS20 to calmodulin in the presence of calcium was confirmed by electrospray ionization coupled with Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry to form a complex with a 1:1:4 calmodulin/RS20/calcium stoichiometry. There was no evidence for formation of a calmodulin-RS20-Ca(2) species. The absence(More)
Calmodulin is known to be a target for oxidation, which leads to conversion of methionine residues to methionine sulfoxides. Previously, we reported that both methionine sulfoxide reductases MsrA and MsrB were able to reduce methionine sulfoxide residues in oxidized calmodulin. In the present study, we have made use of the interaction between calmodulin and(More)
Synthetic RS20 peptide and a set of its point-mutated peptide analogs have been used to analyze the interactions between calmodulin (CaM) and the CaM-binding sequence of smooth-muscle myosin light chain kinase both in the presence and the absence of Ca(2+). Particular peptides, which were expected to have different binding strengths, were chosen to address(More)
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization has been combined with high-energy collision-induced dissociation for the analysis of poly(ethylene glycols) with butanoyl, benzoyl and acetyl end groups, using novel technology comprising a magnetic-sector mass spectrometer and ion buncher with an in-line quadratic-field ion mirror. High-energy (>8 keV)(More)
Calcium-binding proteins, such as S-100, dimerize readily, and this phenomenon plays an important role in their regulation of target enzymes [Krebs, J., Quadroni, M. & Van Eldik, L.J. (1995) Nat. Struct. Biol. 2, 711-714; Kilby, P.M., Van Eldik, L.J. & Roberts, G. C. (1996) Structure 4, 1041-1052]. We have investigated by Fourier-transform ion cyclotron(More)
Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometry has become increasingly significant within recent years. The inherently ultra-high resolution and mass accuracy allow unequivocal assignments of chemical formulae to be made and further structural elucidation can be conducted through the utilization of tandem mass spectrometry techniques.(More)
BACKGROUND Human S100A12 is a member of the S100 family of EF-hand calcium-modulated proteins that are associated with many diseases including cancer, chronic inflammation and neurological disorders. S100A12 is an important factor in host/parasite defenses and in the inflammatory response. Like several other S100 proteins, it binds zinc and copper in(More)