OBJECTIVES (1) to assess the effect of 1 mg folic acid supplementation of cholinesterase inhibitors (ChI) in a 6 month double-blind placebo-controlled study of patients with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and (2) to assess whether outcome measures were affected by changes in homocysteine levels. METHOD Fifty-seven consecutive outpatients with probable AD were… (More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate how much the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-revised (ACE-R) improves the estimate of cognitive ability from the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in people with Alzheimer disease (AD). METHODS We examined itemized data in people with AD who were on the Scottish Dementia Research Interest Register drawn from eight centres… (More)
There is a growing body of evidence that subtle deficits in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) may be present in mild cognitive impairment (MCI). However, it is not clear if there are IADL domains that are consistently affected across patients with MCI. In this systematic review, therefore, we aimed to summarize research results regarding the… (More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the possibility that response to cholinesterase inhibitor therapy could be predicted by easily measurable variables that are known to change as a result of treatment (such as the Mini Mental State Examination), measures of function (such as the instrumental activities of daily living and the social behaviour subscales of the Nurse's… (More)
BACKGROUND Cholinesterase inhibitors are used to treat mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease. Their role in patients with concurrent cerebrovascular disease has been less well studied, and the influence of vascular risk factors on response to treatment is uncertain. We investigated the effect of hypertension and white matter lesions (WML) on response. … (More)
OBJECTIVE The use of antipsychotics to treat people with behavioural and psychological symptoms associated with dementia is controversial, especially in long-stay settings. We assessed the relationship between behaviour, function and antipsychotic use in people with dementia in a long-stay psychiatric unit and designated elderly mentally ill (EMI) nursing… (More)
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AIM To investigate glucose and insulin metabolism in participants with ataxia telangiectasia in the absence of a diagnosis of diabetes. METHODS A standard oral glucose tolerance test was performed in participants with ataxia telangiectasia (n = 10) and in a control cohort (n = 10). Serial glucose and insulin measurements were taken to permit cohort… (More)