Peter J. Burton

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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to examine Western Australian potential sperm donors' and recipients' opinions towards the release of identifying information and their intentions to disclose. METHODS Forty-five potential sperm donors, 33 recipients and 12 partners completed an anonymous questionnaire regarding their opinions on the release of(More)
OBJECTIVE To ascertain patients' attitudes to embryo donation for research purposes. DESIGN Anonymous questionnaire survey. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING 235 couples who had embryos in storage at Concept Fertility Centre on 30 March 2003 that had been cryopreserved between 1 January 2000 and 30 June 2002. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Participants' choices with(More)
Glucocorticoid action in several target tissues is dependent on expression of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-HSD), and in the placenta 11 beta-HSD is thought to regulate transfer of active glucocorticoid to the fetus. This study compared expression of the two recognized 11 beta-HSD enzymes, types 1 and 2, in the rat placenta and decidua on(More)
Donor conception research supports open-identity donor programmes and disclosure to donor-conceived offspring. This study examines Australian donors', recipients' and donor-conceived offspring's views on the importance of different types of biographical information about the donor. Participants (125 recipients, 39 donors (known, identity-release and(More)
The influence of paternal age on clinical pregnancy was examined within younger patients undergoing donor insemination (DI) cycles in Western Australia. A retrospective analysis of 2142 DI cycles was carried out, including only women <40 years with no history of fertility problems. Logistic regression analysis was used to relate donor age to clinical(More)
The action of glucocorticoids in target tissues is dependent on the local expression of glucocorticoid receptors and two 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) enzymes, 11beta-HSD1 and 11beta-HSD2, which interconvert active and inactive glucocorticoids. This study examined expression of the 11beta-HSD enzymes in the male reproductive tract of the(More)
Apoptosis, or physiological cell death, is elevated in the placenta of human pregnancies complicated by fetal growth retardation, suggesting that placental apoptosis may be a key factor in the overall control of feto-placental growth. The present study used DNA internucleosomal fragmentation analysis to characterize apoptosis in the two morphologically and(More)
Glucocorticoids have been implicated in male reproductive function and 11β-HSD-1 and -2, the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), all of which are known to modulate glucocorticoid action, have been localised in the adult rat epididymis, but their developmental expression has not been investigated. Na(+)K(+)-ATPase activity,(More)
The 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD-1) enzyme catalyses the conversion of the biologically inert glucocorticoid 11-dehydrocorticosterone to active corticosterone (11-oxoreductase activity) in vivo, and it is dramatically up-regulated in uterine myometrium in the days leading up to parturition. 11beta-HSD-1 is likely to enhance local(More)
This study examined whether the addition of an antioxidant to cryopreservation medium could improve the post-thaw integrity of cryopreserved human spermatozoa, particularly from men with abnormal semen parameters. Semen samples were collected by masturbation and assessed following WHO standards. Normal (n = 23) and abnormal (n = 20) samples were divided(More)