Peter J. Bottomley

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Root-deposited photosynthate (rhizodeposition) is an important source of readily available carbon (C) for microbes in the vicinity of growing roots. Plant nutrient availability is controlled, to a large extent, by the cycling of this and other organic materials through the soil microbial community. Currently, our understanding of microbial community(More)
We investigated communities of denitrifying bacteria from adjacent meadow and forest soils. Our objectives were to explore spatial gradients in denitrifier communities from meadow to forest, examine whether community composition was related to ecological properties (such as vegetation type and process rates), and determine phylogenetic relationships among(More)
Although nitrification has been well studied in coniferous forests of Western North America, communities of NH(3)-oxidizing bacteria in these forests have not been characterized. Studies were conducted along meadow-to-forest transects at two sites (Lookout and Carpenter) in the H. J. Andrews Experimental Forest, located in the Cascade Mountains of Oregon.(More)
Inputs of biologically fixed nitrogen derived from the symbiotic relationship between legumes and their root-nodule bacteria into terrestrial ecosystems amount to at least 70 million metric tons per year. It is obvious that this enormous quantity will need to be augmented as the world's population increases and as the natural resources that supply(More)
The ammonia-oxidizing archaea have recently been recognized as a significant component of many microbial communities in the biosphere. Although the overall stoichiometry of archaeal chemoautotrophic growth via ammonia (NH(3)) oxidation to nitrite (NO(2)(-)) is superficially similar to the ammonia-oxidizing bacteria, genome sequence analyses point to a(More)
This study determined nitrification activity and nitrifier community composition in soils under stands of red alder (Alnus rubra) and Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) at two sites in Oregon. The H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest, located in the Cascade Mountains of Oregon, has low net N mineralization and gross nitrification rates. Cascade Head(More)
Isolates of Rhizobium meliloti, representing antigenically distinct indigenous serogroups 31 and 17, were grown in yeast extract-mannitol broth (YEM) containing NaCl or polyethylene glycol (PEG) to provide external water potentials ranging from -0.15 to -1.5 MPa. Several differences were found between representatives of the two groups in their abilities to(More)
A study was conducted at two experimental tree plantations in the Pacific Northwest to assess the roles of bacteria and fungi in nitrogen (N) cycling. Soils from red alder (Alnus rubra) and Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) plots in low(H.J. Andrews) and high(Cascade Head) productivity stands were sampled in 2005 and 2006. Fungal:bacterial ratios were(More)
The relative genetic similarities of 200 isolates of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii recovered from an Oregon soil were determined at 13 enzyme loci by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE). These isolates represented 13 antigenically distinct serotypes recovered from nodules formed on various clover species. The MLEE-derived levels of relatedness(More)
The complete genome of the ammonia-oxidizing bacterium Nitrosospira multiformis (ATCC 25196(T)) consists of a circular chromosome and three small plasmids totaling 3,234,309 bp and encoding 2,827 putative proteins. Of the 2,827 putative proteins, 2,026 proteins have predicted functions and 801 are without conserved functional domains, yet 747 of these have(More)