Peter J. A. Shaw

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X-linked lymphoproliferative disease (XLP) is a severe immunodeficiency associated with a marked reduction in circulating memory B cells. Our investigation of the B cell compartment of XLP patients revealed an increase in the frequency of a population of B cells distinct from those previously defined. This population displayed increased expression of CD10,(More)
The transitional stage of B-cell development represents an important step where autoreactive cells are deleted, allowing the generation of a mature functional B-cell repertoire. In mice, 3 subsets of transitional B cells have been identified. In contrast, most studies of human transitional B cells have focused on a single subset defined as CD24(hi)CD38(hi)(More)
Human adenovirus (HAdV) infections are increasingly recognized as important pathogens in immunocompromised hosts, especially in patients with severely suppressed T-cell function. The 4th European Conference of Infections in Leukemia (ECIL-4) has developed evidence-based guidelines for diagnosis and management of HAdV infections. The risk for HAdV-associated(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The wide variability in pharmacokinetics of busulfan in children is one factor influencing outcomes such as toxicity and event-free survival. A meta-analysis was conducted to describe the pharmacokinetics of busulfan in patients from 0.1 to 26 years of age, elucidate patient characteristics that explain the variability in exposure(More)
BACKGROUND In chronic granulomatous disease allogeneic haemopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) in adolescents and young adults and patients with high-risk disease is complicated by graft-failure, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and transplant-related mortality. We examined the effect of a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen designed to enhance(More)
OBJECTIVE Optimizing cord blood donor selection based mainly on cell dose and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) disparities may further improve results of unrelated cord blood transplants (UCBT). MATERIALS AND RESULTS We analyzed 550 UCBTs for hematologic malignancies reported to the Eurocord Registry. Main outcomes and prognostic factors were analyzed in(More)
Results of unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT) in childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have not been previously reported. We analyzed 95 children receiving UCB transplants for AML (20 in first complete remission [CR1], 47 in CR2, and 28 in more advanced stage). Poor prognosis cytogenetic abnormalities were identified in 29 cases. Most patients(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) may cause severe and lethal infections months and years following stem cell transplantation (SCT). In a prospective survey over a 3.5-year period, we assessed the incidence, risk factors and outcome for invasive pneumococcal infection (IPI) following SCT. Fifty-one episodes of IPI were reported: 43 episodes after(More)
Patients aged 0-18 years with confirmed or possible invasive fungal infection were identified by medical record and database searches. Cases with an underlying diagnosis of acute leukaemia or following stem cell transplantation were included in a case control study. Controls included all other children with acute leukaemia or stem cell transplant in the(More)
Busulphan (Bu) is an alkylating agent that, when combined with agents such as cyclophosphamide (Cy), ablates the bone marrow prior to blood or marrow transplantation. There is wide inter- and intra- patient variability in Bu pharmacokinetics. Early pharmacodynamic studies suggested a significant relationship between high Bu exposure and the occurrence of(More)