Peter Ian Andrews

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Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are a heterogeneous group of uncommon, inherited disorders affecting the neuromuscular junction. The defects interfere with presynaptic, synaptic, or postsynaptic function and compromise neuromuscular transmission. Most patients with CMS have similar clinical features regardless of the underlying defect, but attention(More)
IMPORTANCE Enterovirus 71 (EV71) causes a spectrum of neurological complications with significant morbidity and mortality. Further understanding of the characteristics of EV71-related neurological disease, factors related to outcome, and potential responsiveness to treatments is important in developing therapeutic guidelines. OBJECTIVE To further(More)
The pathophysiology of stroke-like episodes in MELAS (mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes) remains unresolved. Possible mechanisms include mitochondrial angiopathy, cytopathy, or both, collectively resulting in cellular energy depletion. To clarify disease mechanisms, axonal excitability properties were(More)
Erythromelalgia (EM) is a rare neurovascular disorder characterized by intermittent severe burning pain, erythema and warmth in the extremities upon heat stimuli. To investigate the underlying pathophysiology, peripheral axonal excitability studies were performed and changes with heating and therapy explored. Multiple excitability indices (stimulus-response(More)
Clinical phenotypes of congenital myasthenic syndromes and primary mitochondrial disorders share significant overlap in their clinical presentations, leading to challenges in making the correct diagnosis. Next generation sequencing is transforming molecular diagnosis of inherited neuromuscular disorders by identifying novel disease genes and by identifying(More)
Myotonic dystrophy is an autosomal dominant disorder in which an early-onset form is characteristically inherited from the mother. We studied 17 affected sibling pairs from 15 families in which two or more affected children were born to mothers with myotonic dystrophy. Later-born affected children suffered more severe disease than their first-born siblings(More)
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