Peter Ian Andrews

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Rasmussen's encephalitis is a progressive childhood disease of unknown cause characterized by severe epilepsy, hemiplegia, dementia, and inflammation of the brain. During efforts to raise antibodies to recombinant glutamate receptors (GluRs), behaviors typical of seizures and histopathologic features mimicking Rasmussen's encephalitis were found in two(More)
Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE) is a progressive childhood disorder characterized by intractable focal seizures, hemiplegia, dementia, and inflammatory histopathology. The process is typically limited to one cerebral hemisphere. We report four patients with pathologically confirmed RE who were treated with repeated plasmapheresis. Three patients exhibited(More)
Epilepsy and Mental Retardation limited to Females (EFMR) which links to Xq22 has been reported in only one family. We aimed to determine if there was a distinctive phenotype that would enhance recognition of this disorder. We ascertained four unrelated families (two Australian, two Israeli) where seizures in females were transmitted through carrier males.(More)
Leukoencephalopathy with brainstem and spinal cord involvement and lactate elevation is a disorder caused by recessive mutations in the gene DARS2, which encodes mitochondrial aspartyl-tRNA synthetase. Recent observations indicate that the phenotypic range of the disease is much wider than initially thought. Currently, no treatment is available. The aims of(More)
We assessed the influence of race, sex, and puberty upon clinical features and outcome in 115 patients with autoimmune juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG). These demographic variables influenced not only disease incidence but also disease severity, response to therapy, and outcome, despite comparable therapeutic strategies. Among white patients, those with(More)
The recent identification of an autoimmune process targeting muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) in a subset of seronegative patients with autoimmune myasthenia gravis promises to improve diagnostic accuracy and redirect therapy in at least some seronegative children and adolescents with myasthenia. Clinical features, diagnostic methods, and management strategies(More)
IMPORTANCE Enterovirus 71 (EV71) causes a spectrum of neurological complications with significant morbidity and mortality. Further understanding of the characteristics of EV71-related neurological disease, factors related to outcome, and potential responsiveness to treatments is important in developing therapeutic guidelines. OBJECTIVE To further(More)
Parameters of renal function and calcium homeostasis were studied in 8 children, immobilised for 5-9 weeks with fractured femurs, weekly during immobilisation and fourth weekly following mobilisation until all parameters returned to normal. During immobilisation 1 patient became hypercalcaemic, but all showed an increase in serum calcium and all developed(More)
BACKGROUND A distinctive pattern of enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection, characterized by fever, exanthem, acute pulmonary edema (PE), brainstem encephalitis, and flaccid paresis, affects infants and young children. Most die rapidly owing to respiratory failure and fulminant PE. METHOD The authors report short- and long-term outcome of six survivors of the(More)
We analyzed relationships among pubertal stage at disease onset, sex, disease severity, and acetylcholine receptor antibody (AChR Ab) levels in 46 patients with autoimmune juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG). Female predominance was least in children with prepubertal disease onset (F:M = 1.3:1) and increased in patients with peripubertal (F:M = 1.8:1) and(More)