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Rasmussen's encephalitis is a progressive childhood disease of unknown cause characterized by severe epilepsy, hemiplegia, dementia, and inflammation of the brain. During efforts to raise antibodies to recombinant glutamate receptors (GluRs), behaviors typical of seizures and histopathologic features mimicking Rasmussen's encephalitis were found in two(More)
Epilepsy and Mental Retardation limited to Females (EFMR) which links to Xq22 has been reported in only one family. We aimed to determine if there was a distinctive phenotype that would enhance recognition of this disorder. We ascertained four unrelated families (two Australian, two Israeli) where seizures in females were transmitted through carrier males.(More)
Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE) is a progressive childhood disorder characterized by intractable focal seizures, hemiplegia, dementia, and inflammatory histopathology. The process is typically limited to one cerebral hemisphere. We report four patients with pathologically confirmed RE who were treated with repeated plasmapheresis. Three patients exhibited(More)
Leukoencephalopathy with brainstem and spinal cord involvement and lactate elevation is a disorder caused by recessive mutations in the gene DARS2, which encodes mitochondrial aspartyl-tRNA synthetase. Recent observations indicate that the phenotypic range of the disease is much wider than initially thought. Currently, no treatment is available. The aims of(More)
BACKGROUND A distinctive pattern of enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection, characterized by fever, exanthem, acute pulmonary edema (PE), brainstem encephalitis, and flaccid paresis, affects infants and young children. Most die rapidly owing to respiratory failure and fulminant PE. METHOD The authors report short- and long-term outcome of six survivors of the(More)
Rasmussen's encephalitis is a rare progressive pediatric epileptic syndrome. Recent evidence from experimental animals and patients with the disease suggests an important role for both humoral and cell-mediated immune mechanisms in the pathogenesis of this disease. The glutamate receptor subunit GluR3 may be an important autoantigen in the disease. (This(More)
PURPOSE Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE) is a progressive childhood disease characterized by unilateral brain dysfunction, seizures, and inflammatory histopathology. Converging lines of evidence suggest that an autoimmune process is important in the pathogenesis of RE. METHODS Two patients with pathologically confirmed RE and increased levels of circulating(More)
We analyzed relationships among pubertal stage at disease onset, sex, disease severity, and acetylcholine receptor antibody (AChR Ab) levels in 46 patients with autoimmune juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG). Female predominance was least in children with prepubertal disease onset (F:M = 1.3:1) and increased in patients with peripubertal (F:M = 1.8:1) and(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide evidence that complement (C')-dependent processes may be involved in Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE). BACKGROUND RE is a rare, progressive, childhood epilepsy syndrome associated with inflammation and neuronal cell loss in a single cerebral hemisphere. Recent work suggests an autoimmune immunoglobulin (Ig) G-mediated process is(More)