Peter I. Lelkes

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Electrospinning has recently emerged as a leading technique for generating biomimetic scaffolds made of synthetic and natural polymers for tissue engineering applications. In this study, we compared collagen, gelatin (denatured collagen), solubilized alpha-elastin, and, as a first, recombinant human tropoelastin as biopolymeric materials for fabricating(More)
Polyaniline (PANi), a conductive polymer, was blended with a natural protein, gelatin, and co-electrospun into nanofibers to investigate the potential application of such a blend as conductive scaffold for tissue engineering purposes. Electrospun PANi-contained gelatin fibers were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electrical(More)
Many different types of microelectrodes have been developed for use as a direct brain-machine interface (BMI) to chronically recording single-neuron action potentials from ensembles of neurons. Unfortunately, the recordings from these microelectrode devices are not consistent and often last for only on the order of months. For most microelectrode types, the(More)
The maximum monomer absorption wavelength of a frequently used external membrane probe, Merocyanine 540, can be related to the location of the binding site for the dye within lipid membranes. Solvent studies indicate the occurrence of very specific and mutual perturbances between the probe and its microenvironment, that are of relevance, when investigating(More)
In this study, we describe composite scaffolds composed of synthetic and natural materials with physicochemical properties suitable for tissue engineering applications. Fibrous scaffolds were co-electrospun from a blend of a synthetic biodegradable polymer (poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid), PLGA, 10% solution) and two natural proteins, gelatin (denatured(More)
The migration of vascular endothelial cells under flow can be modulated by the addition of chemical or mechanical stimuli. The aim of this study was to investigate how topographic cues derived from a substrate containing three-dimensional microtopography interact with fluid shear stress in directing endothelial cell migration. Subconfluent bovine aortic(More)
Diabetic neuropathies, affecting the autonomic, sensory, and motor peripheral nervous system, are among the most frequent complications of diabetes. The symptoms of diabetic polyneuropathies are multi-faceted; the etiology and the underlying mechanisms are as yet unclear. Clinical studies established a significant correlation between the control of the(More)
In this paper, we report on engineering 3-D pulmonary tissue constructs in vitro. Primary isolates of murine embryonic day 18 fetal pulmonary cells (FPC) were comprised of a mixed population of epithelial, mesenchymal, and endothelial cells as assessed by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR of 2-D cultures. The alveolar type II (AE2) cell phenotype in 2-D and(More)
The aim of this study was to test the versatility of a new basal cell culture medium, GTSF-2. In addition to traditional growth-factors, GTSF-2 contains a blend of three sugars (glucose, galactose, and fructose) at their physiological levels. For these studies, we isolated normal endothelial cells from human, bovine, and rat large blood vessels and(More)