Learn More
Diabetic neuropathies, affecting the autonomic, sensory, and motor peripheral nervous system, are among the most frequent complications of diabetes. The symptoms of diabetic polyneuropathies are multi-faceted; the etiology and the underlying mechanisms are as yet unclear. Clinical studies established a significant correlation between the control of the(More)
Pardaxin, an excitatory neurotoxin, induced dopamine release from pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells both in the presence and absence of extracellular calcium ([Ca]o). In the presence of extracellular calcium, nifedipine, an L-type calcium channel blocker, did not affect dopamine release, whereas 1,2-bis (2-aminophenoxy) ethane N,N, N'N'-tetra-acetic acid(More)
The goal of this study was to compare the neuroprotective properties of the L-type Ca²⁺ channel blockers, nimodipine and nifedipine, using nerve growth factor (NGF)-differentiated PC12 neuronal cultures exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) and trophic withdrawal-induced cell death. Nimodipine (1-100 μM) conferred 65±13% neuroprotection upon exposure(More)
In the search for a functional role of cytoskeletal proteins in the mechanism(s) of stimulus-secretion coupling, we have previously demonstrated that the actomyosin system might be involved in the transport of cations across the plasma membrane of bovine adrenal chromaffin cells [(1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 5745-5750]. To establish whether actin and myosin(More)
Tetanus toxin, a potent neurotoxin which blocks neurotransmitter release in the CNS, also inhibits Ca2+-induced catecholamine release from digitonin-permeabilized, but not from intact bovine chromaffin cells. In searching for intracellular targets for the toxin we studied the binding of affinity-purified tetanus toxin to bovine adrenal chromaffin granules.(More)
A vascular permeability factor (VPF) derived from serum-free conditioned medium of cultured human malignant gliomas (HG-VPF) has been described previously. The rapid kinetics of HG-VPF activity in an in vivo assay of vascular permeability suggests a direct action upon the vascular endothelial cell. To determine whether HG-VPF was capable of inducing a(More)
Elevated plasma homocysteine is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that homocysteine enhances monocyte/human aortic endothelial cell (HAEC) interactions, a pivotal early event in atherogenesis, by upregulating endothelial adhesion molecules. After incubation of cultured HAECs with reduced DL-homocysteine for up to 24 hours,(More)
We have developed a software system that simulates chemotaxis-based cell ag-gregation in 2D. The model implemented within the system consists of such cell behaviors as chemical diffusion/detection, motility, proliferation, adhesion and life cycle stages. Each virtual cell detects the state of the environment, and responds to the environment based on a(More)
A novel neuronal model (PC12EN cells), obtained by somatic hybridization of rat adrenal medullary pheochromocytoma (PC12) and bovine adrenal medullary endothelial (BAME) cells, was developed. PC12EN cells maintained numerous neuronal characteristics: they expressed neuronal glycolipid conjugates, synthesized and secreted catecholamines, and responded to(More)
The migration of vascular endothelial cells under flow can be modulated by the addition of chemical or mechanical stimuli. The aim of this study was to investigate how topographic cues derived from a substrate containing three-dimensional microtopography interact with fluid shear stress in directing endothelial cell migration. Subconfluent bovine aortic(More)