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Diabetic neuropathies, affecting the autonomic, sensory, and motor peripheral nervous system, are among the most frequent complications of diabetes. The symptoms of diabetic polyneuropathies are multi-faceted; the etiology and the underlying mechanisms are as yet unclear. Clinical studies established a significant correlation between the control of the(More)
Pardaxin, an excitatory neurotoxin, induced dopamine release from pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells both in the presence and absence of extracellular calcium ([Ca]o). In the presence of extracellular calcium, nifedipine, an L-type calcium channel blocker, did not affect dopamine release, whereas 1,2-bis (2-aminophenoxy) ethane N,N, N'N'-tetra-acetic acid(More)
The goal of this study was to compare the neuroprotective properties of the L-type Ca²⁺ channel blockers, nimodipine and nifedipine, using nerve growth factor (NGF)-differentiated PC12 neuronal cultures exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) and trophic withdrawal-induced cell death. Nimodipine (1-100 μM) conferred 65±13% neuroprotection upon exposure(More)
Tetanus toxin, a potent neurotoxin which blocks neurotransmitter release in the CNS, also inhibits Ca2+-induced catecholamine release from digitonin-permeabilized, but not from intact bovine chromaffin cells. In searching for intracellular targets for the toxin we studied the binding of affinity-purified tetanus toxin to bovine adrenal chromaffin granules.(More)
In the search for a functional role of cytoskeletal proteins in the mechanism(s) of stimulus-secretion coupling, we have previously demonstrated that the actomyosin system might be involved in the transport of cations across the plasma membrane of bovine adrenal chromaffin cells [(1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 5745-5750]. To establish whether actin and myosin(More)
A vascular permeability factor (VPF) derived from serum-free conditioned medium of cultured human malignant gliomas (HG-VPF) has been described previously. The rapid kinetics of HG-VPF activity in an in vivo assay of vascular permeability suggests a direct action upon the vascular endothelial cell. To determine whether HG-VPF was capable of inducing a(More)
We have developed a software system that simulates chemotaxis-based cell ag-gregation in 2D. The model implemented within the system consists of such cell behaviors as chemical diffusion/detection, motility, proliferation, adhesion and life cycle stages. Each virtual cell detects the state of the environment, and responds to the environment based on a(More)
A novel neuronal model (PC12EN cells), obtained by somatic hybridization of rat adrenal medullary pheochromocytoma (PC12) and bovine adrenal medullary endothelial (BAME) cells, was developed. PC12EN cells maintained numerous neuronal characteristics: they expressed neuronal glycolipid conjugates, synthesized and secreted catecholamines, and responded to(More)
We present a computational model that successfully captures the cell behaviors that play important roles in 2-D cell aggregation. A virtual cell in our model is designed as an independent, discrete unit with a set of parameters and actions. Each cell is defined by its location, size, rates of chemoattractant emission and response, age, life cycle stage,(More)
There is a paucity of quantitative methods for evaluating the morphological differentiation of neuronal cells in a three-dimensional (3-D) system to assist in quality control of neural tissue engineering constructs for use in reparative medicine. Neuronal cells tend to aggregate in the 3-D scaffolds, hindering the application of two-dimensional (2-D)(More)