Learn More
Electrospinning has recently emerged as a leading technique for generating biomimetic scaffolds made of synthetic and natural polymers for tissue engineering applications. In this study, we compared collagen, gelatin (denatured collagen), solubilized alpha-elastin, and, as a first, recombinant human tropoelastin as biopolymeric materials for fabricating(More)
Subtraction cloning and cDNA arrays were used to compare steady-state mRNA levels in cultured human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC) exposed for up to 24 h to either high-shear (13 dyn/cm(2)) steady laminar flow (LF), an established representation of "atheroprotective" flow conditions, or low-shear (<1 dyn/cm(2)), pulsatile, nonsteady, non-unidirectional(More)
In this paper, we report on engineering 3-D pulmonary tissue constructs in vitro. Primary isolates of murine embryonic day 18 fetal pulmonary cells (FPC) were comprised of a mixed population of epithelial, mesenchymal, and endothelial cells as assessed by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR of 2-D cultures. The alveolar type II (AE2) cell phenotype in 2-D and(More)
In this study, we describe composite scaffolds composed of synthetic and natural materials with physicochemical properties suitable for tissue engineering applications. Fibrous scaffolds were co-electrospun from a blend of a synthetic biodegradable polymer (poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid), PLGA, 10% solution) and two natural proteins, gelatin (denatured(More)
Diabetic neuropathies, affecting the autonomic, sensory, and motor peripheral nervous system, are among the most frequent complications of diabetes. The symptoms of diabetic polyneuropathies are multi-faceted; the etiology and the underlying mechanisms are as yet unclear. Clinical studies established a significant correlation between the control of the(More)
Repopulation of decellularized lung scaffolds (DLS) is limited due to alterations in the repertoire and ratios of the residual extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, characterized by e.g., the retention of type I collagen and loss of glycoproteins. We hypothesized that pre-treatment of decellularized matrices with defined ECM proteins, which match the(More)
The vasopressin-activated calcium-mobilizing (VACM-1) protein is a unique arginine vasopressin (AVP) receptor which shares sequence homology with the cullins, genes involved in the regulation of cell cycle transitions. Unlike either cullins or AVP receptors, however, VACM-1 is expressed exclusively in the vascular endothelial cells and in the renal(More)
The aim of this study was to test the versatility of a new basal cell culture medium, GTSF-2. In addition to traditional growth-factors, GTSF-2 contains a blend of three sugars (glucose, galactose, and fructose) at their physiological levels. For these studies, we isolated normal endothelial cells from human, bovine, and rat large blood vessels and(More)
We have identified a novel cellular action of thrombin on cultured rat adrenal medullary endothelial cells (RAMEC). Five-minute incubation of RAMEC with physiological concentrations of thrombin (<1 U/ml) caused within 3 h an increase in the basolateral deposition of the extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins fibronectin, laminin, and collagens IV and I,(More)