Peter I. Karachunski

Learn More
We demonstrated previously that human skin keratinocytes express acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) sensitive to acetylcholine and nicotine, which regulate cell adhesion and motility. We demonstrate here that human and rodent bronchial epithelial cells (BECs) express AChRs similar to those expressed by keratinocytes and by some neurons. Patch-clamp experiments(More)
Immunization with acetylcholine receptor (AChR) causes experimental myasthenia gravis (EMG). Th1 cells facilitate EMG development. IFN-gamma and IL-12 induce Th1 responses: we investigated whether these cytokines are necessary for EMG development. We immunized wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice and IFN-gamma and IL-12 knockout mutants (IFN-gamma-/-, IL-12-/-) with(More)
Ab to the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) cause experimental myasthenia gravis (EMG). Th1 cytokines facilitate EMG, whereas Th2 cytokines might be protective. IL-10 inhibits Th1 responses but facilitates B cell proliferation and Ig production. We examined the role of IL-10 in EMG by using wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice and transgenic (TG) C57BL/6 mice that(More)
Immunization with acetylcholine receptor (AChR) causes experimental myasthenia gravis (EMG). We investigated EMG in interleukin (IL)-4 knock out B6 (KO) mice, that lack Th2 cells. EMG was more frequent in KO than in wild type B6 mice. KO and B6 mice developed similar amounts of anti-AChR antibodies. They were IgG2a and IgG2b in KO mice, IgG1 and IgG2b in B6(More)
OBJECTIVES Acetylcholine receptor (AChR)-specific CD4+ cells are present in MG patients, and synthesis of the high-affinity immunoglobulin G (IgG) autoantibodies (autoAb) against the muscle AChR that causes MG symptoms requires intervention of CD4+ cells. The role of CD4+ cells in MG pathogenesis has been postulated but never proven. MG patients do not have(More)
Immunization with acetylcholine receptor (AChR) causes experimental myasthenia gravis (EMG). The s.c. administration to C57B1/6 mice of synthetic AChR CD4+ epitopes, before and during AChR immunization, reduced the epitope-specific CD4+ responses and the anti-AChR Ab synthesis, and prevented EMG. The s.c. administration of solubilized AChR had effects(More)
We investigated the sequence regions of the human muscle acetylcholine receptor (AChR) beta subunit forming epitopes recognized by T helper cells in myasthenia gravis (MG), using overlapping synthetic peptides, 20 residues long, which screened the sequence of the AChR beta subunit. Since CD4+ lymphocytes from MG patients' blood did not respond to the(More)
Nasal administration of synthetic CD4(+) epitopes of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) prevents experimental myasthenia gravis (EMG) in C57Bl/6 mice, but not in IL4-deficient C57Bl/6 (IL4(-/-)) mice. Here we verify that nasal tolerance requires IL4, by showing that CD4(+) cells from C57Bl/6 mice treated nasally with a pool of AChR CD4(+) epitopes protected(More)
Whole-exome sequencing of 13 individuals with developmental delay commonly accompanied by abnormal muscle tone and seizures identified de novo missense mutations enriched within a sub-region of GNB1, a gene encoding the guanine nucleotide-binding protein subunit beta-1, Gβ. These 13 individuals were identified among a base of 5,855 individuals recruited for(More)