Peter I Dosa

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Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a highly effective therapy for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (R-CDI), but its mechanisms remain poorly understood. Emerging evidence suggests that gut bile acids have significant influence on the physiology of C. difficile, and therefore on patient susceptibility to recurrent infection. We analyzed spore(More)
GOALS To test whether ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is inhibitory to Clostridium difficile and can be used in the treatment of C. difficile-associated ileal pouchitis. BACKGROUND The restoration of secondary bile metabolism may be the key mechanism for fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in treating recurrent C. difficile infections (RCDI). Therefore, it(More)
Praziquantel (PZQ) is a key therapy for treatment of parasitic flatworm infections of humans and livestock, but the mechanism of action of this drug is unresolved. Resolving PZQ-engaged targets and effectors is important for identifying new druggable pathways that may yield novel antiparasitic agents. Here we use functional, genetic and pharmacological(More)
Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is the most prevalent and only treatable risk factor for glaucoma, a leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Unfortunately, all current therapeutics used to treat elevated IOP and glaucoma have significant and sometimes irreversible side effects necessitating the development of novel compounds. We evaluated the(More)
[structure: see text] The parent and dipropyl-substituted anti (1a,b) and syn doublebent (2a,b) [5]phenylenes have been assembled by CpCo-catalyzed double cyclization of regiospecifically constructed appropriate hexaynes. (1)H NMR, NICS, and an X-ray structural analysis of 1a reflect the aromatizing effect of double angular fusion on the central ring of the(More)
Serotonin, which is stored in platelets and is released during thrombosis, activates platelets via the 5-HT(2A) receptor. 5-HT(2A) receptor inverse agonists thus represent a potential new class of antithrombotic agents. Our medicinal program began with known compounds that displayed binding affinity for the recombinant 5-HT(2A) receptor, but which had poor(More)
The high-throughput screening core at the University of Minnesota is part of the Institute for Therapeutics Discovery and Development (ITDD), a comprehensive drug discovery and development center. The Institute provides scientific services to both academic and business communities and supports translational medicine via collaborations and contractual work.(More)
[reaction: see text] The first X-ray crystal structure of a mononuclear metallacyclopentadiene(alkyne) complex has been obtained. This type of metallacycle is believed to be the key intermediate in the cobalt-mediated [2 + 2 + 2]cycloaddition of alkynes. Thermal treatment leads to the generation of angular [4]phenylene, the X-ray structural details of which(More)
An attractive strategy for achieving solar–thermal energy conversion is to harvest sunlight in the form of activated chemical bonds through photoisomerization of a suitable molecule that can release, on demand, such stored and transportable energy by thermal reversal to its original form. When such reversible isomerizations entail significant topological(More)