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A control system for a multifunctional hand prosthesis, which requires a minimum of training for the amputee, has been developed. The great advantage of the pattern recognition technique in making it possible to control as many as six prosthetic movements has prompted this study. The development of a complete miniaturised system has allowed a clinical trial(More)
Open Access-This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the source is credited. Background and purpose The possibility of comparing results and of pooling the data has been limited for the Nordic arthroplasty(More)
Four shoulder muscles (the supraspinatus, the infraspinatus, the anterior and middle portion of the deltoid, and the descending part of the trapezius) were examined with electromyography in abducted arm positions. By using feedback techniques, we found that the subjects could reduce the EMG activity voluntarily by 22-47% in the trapezius muscle while(More)
A method to investigate the rhythm of the human shoulder, i.e. the interplay between the motion of constituent parts of the shoulder, has been devised and tested. The method is based upon numerical evaluation of low dose roentgenstereophotogrammetric motion pictures of subjects equipped with radiation dense implantations in the bones. Evaluation of the(More)
The myoelectric activity of some of the posterior muscles of the back was studied quantitatively using signal amplitude estimation and power spectrum analysis. Surface electrodes were placed on both sides of the trunk at T4, T8, L1, L3, and L5 levels. Four different angles of forward flexion were studied during external loading of the spine with 200 N. At(More)
Clinical experience with two types of multifunctional prosthetic hand, controlled by pattern recognition of multiple myoelectric signals is reported. The prostheses have been used for between one and five years by five patients. The pattern recognition control system enabled the patients to control six separate movements accurately after a short period of(More)
This study was focused on the ability to reduce voluntarily the muscle activity in the descending part of the trapezius muscle without changing the arm position or hand load, and its consequences on the distribution of shoulder muscle forces. Visual feedback techniques were used. Six different arm positions were investigated in 11 subjects. Electromyography(More)
Estimations of shoulder muscle load are important in biomechanic and ergonomic research. We have studied shoulder muscle load in the trapezius (six subjects), deltoid (six subjects), infraspinatus (eight subjects), and supraspinatus (seven subjects) muscles with simultaneous intramuscular pressure (IMP) and intramuscular bipolar electromyography (EMG)(More)
We examined 4 shoulder muscles--the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, the middle portion of the deltoid and the descending part of the trapezius--with electromyography (EMG) in adducted and flexed arm positions, in 9 healthy subjects. The subjects were asked to produce a static handgrip force of 30% and 50% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) in 8 different(More)
A prevailing hypothesis for development of myalgia symptoms in the trapezius muscle is based on observations that in stereotypic activation of muscle the same low-threshold motor-units are the first ones to be recruited, and that these units are active throughout the contraction, until total relaxation. The theory suggests that these units are the first(More)