Peter Hendrik Dijk

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To compare the guidelines of the 10 Dutch neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) for the treatment of preterm infants with hyperbilirubinemia, in order to develop uniform threshold levels for the total serum concentration of bilirubin (TSB) above which treatment with phototherapy or exchange transfusion is indicated. DESIGN Survey. METHODS(More)
Bilirubin encephalopathy and kernicterus are preventable conditions. Nevertheless cases continue to occur. It is difficult to identify those infants who may develop severe hyperbilirubinemia, because icterus neonatorum occurs in most newborns. The aim of this guideline is to reduce the incidence of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and bilirubin(More)
Neuroprotective controlled therapeutic hypothermia is the standard of care for newborns suffering perinatal asphyxia. Antibiotic drugs, such as amikacin, gentamicin, and vancomycin are frequently administered during controlled hypothermia, which possibly alters their pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) profiles. In order to examine this effect an(More)
BACKGROUND The occurrence of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (SH) is partly attributed to nonhospitalized perinatal care. The Netherlands have a high frequency of home births and nonhospitalized perinatal care, and the incidence of SH is unknown. OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of home births and early hospital discharge on the incidence of SH in(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE High bilirubin/albumin (B/A) ratios increase the risk of bilirubin neurotoxicity. The B/A ratio may be a valuable measure, in addition to the total serum bilirubin (TSB), in the management of hyperbilirubinemia. We aimed to assess whether the additional use of B/A ratios in the management of hyperbilirubinemia in preterm infants(More)
Unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia occurs in almost all premature infants and is potentially neurotoxic. Treatment is based on total serum bilirubin (TSB), but treatment thresholds are not evidence based. Free bilirubin (Bf)-that is, not bound to albumin, seems a better parameter for bilirubin neurotoxicity, but measurements of Bf are not available in(More)
OBJECTIVE Surfactant nebulisation is a promising alternative to surfactant instillation in newborns with the respiratory distress syndrome. Although less surfactant is deposited in the lung, it improves gas exchange, probably due to a superior distribution. We hypothesize that a more uniform distribution of nebulised surfactant results in a more uniform(More)
OBJECTIVE The objectives of this study were, to select a nebuliser first, that operates safely in a neonatal ventilator setting and, second, that is most efficient. Thirdly, we studied the particle sizes of the surfactant aerosol. Fourthly, we studied where the nebulised surfactant is deposited in the tubing system of the ventilator. Finally, we studied(More)
Surfactant nebulization improves lung function at low alveolar doses of surfactant. However, efficiency of nebulization is low, and lung deposition seems to depend on lung aeration. High frequency ventilation (HFV) has been shown to improve lung aeration. We hypothesize that the combination of HFV and surfactant nebulization may benefit lung deposition of(More)