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Trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27me3) by Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) is essential for transcriptional silencing of Polycomb target genes, whereas acetylation of H3K27 (H3K27ac) has recently been shown to be associated with many active mammalian genes. The Trithorax protein (TRX), which associates with the histone acetyltransferase CBP,(More)
The assembly of newly synthesized DNA into chromatin is essential for normal growth, development, and differentiation. To gain a better understanding of the assembly of chromatin during DNA synthesis, we identified, cloned, and characterized the 180- and 105-kDa polypeptides of Drosophila chromatin assembly factor 1 (dCAF-1). The purified recombinant(More)
The 77-kb primary transcript of the homeotic Ultrabithorax (Ubx) gene is alternatively spliced to yield at least five different coding regions. Each is restricted to either a 3.2- or a 4.3-kb size class generated by alternative polyadenylation. The pathways for splicing and polyadenylation are therefore coordinately regulated, and because the relative(More)
Regulation of intra- and extracellular ion activities (e.g. H(+), Cl(-), Na(+)) is key to normal function of the central nervous system, digestive tract, respiratory tract, and urinary system. With our cloning of an electrogenic Na(+)/HCO(3)(-) cotransporter (NBC), we found that NBC and the anion exchangers form a bicarbonate transporter superfamily.(More)
A genetic analysis of the dominant mutation Glued that perturbs the development of the normal axonal architecture of the fly's visual system was undertaken. Ten new alleles at this locus were identified and characterized. Two complementation groups that were identified failed to complement the original allele, suggesting that it is a double mutant or that(More)
The Drosophila Polycomb Group (PcG) proteins are required for stable long term transcriptional silencing of the homeotic genes. Among PcG genes, esc is unique in being critically required for establishment of PcG-mediated silencing during early embryogenesis, but not for its subsequent maintenance throughout development. We previously showed that ESC is(More)
Extra sex combs is a member of the Polycomb Group genes, whose products are required for stable long term transcriptional repression of the homeotic genes of the Bithorax and Antennapedia complexes. The Pc-G proteins are required to maintain the spatially restricted domains of homeotic gene expression established by the transiently expressed repressors,(More)
In Drosophila, the maintenance of developmentally important transcription patterns is controlled at the level of chromatin structure. The Polycomb group (PcG) and trithorax group (trxG) genes encode proteins involved in chromatin remodelling. PcG genes have been proposed to act by packaging transcriptional repressed chromosomal domains into condensed(More)
trithorax is required to stably maintain homeotic gene expression patterns established during embryogenesis by the action of the transiently expressed products of the segmentation genes. The large trithorax proteins contain a number of highly conserved novel motifs, some of which have been hypothesized to interact directly with specific DNA sequences in(More)
Trithorax (TRX) antagonizes epigenetic silencing by Polycomb group (PcG) proteins, stimulates enhancer-dependent transcription, and establishes a 'cellular memory' of active transcription of PcG-regulated genes. The mechanisms underlying these TRX functions remain largely unknown, but are presumed to involve its histone H3K4 methyltransferase activity. We(More)