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X-ray crystallography and nuclear magnetic resonance measurements provide us with atomically resolved structures of an ever-growing number of biomolecules. These static structural snapshots are important to our understanding of biomolecular function, but real biomolecules are dynamic entities that often exploit conformational changes and transient molecular(More)
We have investigated the site-specific folding kinetics of a photoswitchable cross-linked alpha-helical peptide by using single (13)C = (18)O isotope labeling together with time-resolved IR spectroscopy. We observe that the folding times differ from site to site by a factor of eight at low temperatures (6 degrees C), whereas at high temperatures (45 degrees(More)
By covalently linking an azobenzene photoswitch across the binding groove of a PDZ domain, a conformational transition, similar to the one occurring upon ligand binding to the unmodified domain, can be initiated on a picosecond timescale by a laser pulse. The protein structures have been characterized in the two photoswitch states through NMR spectroscopy(More)
A series of photoswitchable, R-helical peptides were studied using two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy (2D-IR). Single-isotope labeling with 13 C 18 O at various positions in the sequence was employed to spectrally isolate particular backbone positions. We show that a single 13 C 18 O label can give rise to two bands along the diagonal of the 2D-IR(More)
Free-energy landscape theory is often used to describe complex molecular systems. Here, a microscopic description of water structure and dynamics based on configuration-space-networks and molecular dynamics simulations of the TIP4P/2005 model is applied to investigate the free-energy landscape of water. The latter is built on top of a large set of water(More)
Multiple 4-micros molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are used to study the folding process of the cross-linked alpha-helical peptide Ac-EACAR(5)EAAAR(10)EAACR(15)Q-NH(2) (EAAAR peptide). The folding kinetics are single exponential at 330 K, while they are complex at 281 K with a clear deviation from single-exponential behavior, in agreement with(More)
Amyloid aggregates are highly ordered fibrillar assemblies of polypeptides involved in a number of neurodegenerative diseases. Very little is known on the pathways of self-assembly of peptides into the final amyloid fibrils, which is due in part to the difficulty of triggering the aggregation process in a controlled manner. Here we present the design and(More)
There is still an open debate regarding the structure forming capabilities of water at ambient conditions. To probe the presence of such inhomogeneities, we apply complex network analysis methods to a molecular dynamics simulation at room temperature. This study provides both a structural and quantitative characterization of kinetically homogeneous(More)