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Down syndrome (DS) subjects develop Alzheimer disease (AD) histopathology before they develop dementia. We compared the resting and flash stimulated electroencephalogram (EEG) of nondemented adult DS and age-matched control subjects, in search of EEG abnormalities that might correlate with AD histopathology. DS subjects had increased absolute power in all(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the feasibility and safety of image-guided brachytherapy employing a modified open high-field MR system. METHODS This is a follow-up study of a development project enabling technologies for interventional use of 1.0T open MRI. Modifications included coils and in-bore visualization, fluoroscopic sequences and user interfaces. We(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Targeted radiotherapy of liver malignancies has found to be effective in selected patients. A key limiting factor of these therapies is the relatively low tolerance of the liver parenchyma to radiation. We sought to assess the preventive effects of a combined regimen of pentoxifylline (PTX), ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and low-dose low(More)
The power spectra of the photically activated occipital EEGs of 9 mildly to moderately demented probable Alzheimer disease (AD) patients (according to NINCDS-ADRDA criteria), 9 normal age-matched control and 27 normal subjects of different ages were compared. In normal subjects, photic stimulation with rhythmic flashes ranging between 2 and 20 Hz elicited a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To evaluate whether local tumor control probability (TCP) in stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) varies between lung metastases of different primary cancer sites and between primary non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and secondary lung tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective multi-institutional (n=22) database of 399(More)
BACKGROUND F18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography (FDG-PET) reconstruction algorithms can have substantial influence on quantitative image data used, e.g., for therapy planning or monitoring in oncology. We analyzed radial activity concentration profiles of differently reconstructed FDG-PET images to determine the influence of varying(More)
PURPOSE Computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guided brachytherapy provides high tumor control rates in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and colorectal liver metastases. In contrast to thermal ablation methods such as radiofrequency ablation (RFA), much less restrictions apply with respect to tumor location or size. In this study, we(More)
Liver metastases from breast cancer (LMBC) are typically considered to indicate systemic disease spread and patients are most often offered systemic palliative treatment only. However, retrospective studies suggest that some patients may have improved survival with local treatment of their liver metastases compared to systemic therapy alone. In the absence(More)
BACKGROUND The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) is a common clinical parameter for quantification in F18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT), but it is influenced by image reconstruction. The aim of this study was to analyze the association of SUVmax deviations related to point spread function (PSF) and(More)