Peter H van der Meide

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In experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), CD4(+) self-reactive T cells target myelin components of the CNS. However, the consequences of an autoaggressive T cell response against myelin for neurons are currently unknown. We herein demonstrate that EAE induced by active immunization with an encephalitogenic myelin basic protein peptide dramatically(More)
Hepatitis delta (delta) virus (HDV), a satellite virus of the hepatitis B virus (HBV), causes a severe form of viral hepatitis in humans. Here we present evidence based on electron microscopy and electrophoretic behaviour that HDV contains a single stranded circular RNA molecule. This is the first animal virus identified with a circular RNA genome. Circular(More)
This study reports on the immunocytochemical localization of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) in immune-mediated demyelination and Wallerian degeneration of the rat peripheral nervous system (PNS) using teased nerve fiber preparations. In experimental autoimmune neuritis induced by active immunization (EAN) or by adoptive transfer of autoreactive T(More)
The inflammatory response that exacerbates cerebral injury after ischemia is an attractive therapeutic target: it progresses over days and strongly contributes to worsening of the neurologic outcome. The authors show that, after transient ischemic injury to the rat brain, systemic application of interferon-beta (IFN-beta), a cytokine with antiinflammatory(More)
Interferon-beta (IFN-beta) has beneficial effects on the clinical symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, but its exact mechanism of action is yet unknown. We here suggest that IFN-beta directly modulates inflammatory events at the level of cerebral endothelium. IFN-beta treatment resulted in a marked reduction of perivascular infiltrates in acute(More)
Nervous tissue expression of immunological signal and recognition molecules, as well as lymphoid tissue immune responses after facial nerve trauma was studied in male rats of the Lewis and Brown Norway (BN) strains. In both rat strains nerve transection caused within four days the appearance of IFN-gamma-like immunoreactivity in the cytoplasm of axotomized(More)
The pharmacological effect of glucocorticoids and type 1 interferons (IFNs), simultaneously used as therapeuticals for multiple sclerosis (MS), on the (inflamed) blood-brain barrier (BBB) was investigated in vitro. Although both drugs additively decreased BBB permeability, they did not prevent the increase in BBB permeability induced by lipopolysaccharide(More)
A specific DNA probe was used to study the effect of recombinant rat, mouse, and human gamma-interferon (gamma-IFN) on the course of sporozoite-induced malaria infections. In mice and rats infected with sporozoites of Plasmodium berghei, mouse and rat gamma-IFN's strongly inhibited the development of the exoerythrocytic forms in the liver liver cells of the(More)
Interleukin 12 (IL-12) is a proinflammatory cytokine with important immunoregulatory activities and is critical in determining the differentiation and generation of Th1 cells. For the present study, we investigated the role of endogenous IL-12 in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN), which is a CD4+ T-cell mediated autoimmune(More)
INTRODUCTION Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) affects relatively young people and carries a poor prognosis with a case fatality rate of 35%. One of the major systemic complications associated with SAH is acute lung injury (ALI) which occurs in up to one-third of the patients and is associated with poor outcome. ALI in SAH may be predisposed by(More)