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Transesophageal echocardiography is becoming increasingly popular as a method of intraoperative monitoring because it can be performed continuously, does not transgress the sterile operative field, and provides data with regard to valve function, ventricular volumes, and contractility. Recently it was suggested that it can be used to measure cardiac output;(More)
Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) measured at cardiac catheterisation and simultaneous mitral flow patterns obtained by pulsed Doppler ultrasound scanning were assessed in twenty patients (fourteen males) with ischaemic heart disease. The ratio of passive and active components of mitral flow showed a significant linear correlation with LVEDP.(More)
BACKGROUND The minimal access surgical technique of a left anterior small thoracotomy (LAST) for coronary artery bypass grafting is now well established. This procedure however, does not allow multivessel revascularization. We present our early experience of an integrated approach using LAST and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), either(More)
Angiography of the superior systemic veins was performed on 510 patients with congenital heart disease. An analysis of these angiograms was carried out and a simple angiographic classification of superior vena caval anomalies is presented. Eleven per cent of cases had complete bilateral superior vena cavae, a frequency of occurrence higher than that(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to quantify and compare effective doses from conventional angiography and multislice computed tomography (MSCT) coronary angiography using a 16-slice scanner. BACKGROUND Multislice computed tomography is now a viable modality for cardiac imaging. However, for any diagnostic use of ionizing radiation, the risk to the(More)
Primary congenital coronary artery fistula is diagnosed in two of every thousand patients investigated by angiocardiography. Males and females are equally affected and most frequently present under the age of 10 years. Fistulae originate from right and left coronary arteries in almost equal proportion but over 90% drain to the right side of the heart. Over(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to compare early results of endovascular stenting for traumatic aortic rupture with conventional open repair. METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of consecutive cases of traumatic aortic rupture in a single institution from July 2000 to July 2006. RESULTS Fifteen cases were identified. The mean injury severity score(More)