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The empirical distribution of length of stay of patients in departments of geriatric medicine is fit extremely well by a sum of two exponentials. Most of the patients in a geriatric department are rehabilitated and discharged or they die within a few weeks of admission, but the few who become long-stay patients remain for months or even years. A model is(More)
The planning of services within a hospital is a complex task which relies on the availability of accurate data. Such data on patterns of bed occupancy enable us to develop tools which assess performance measures based on activity within a hospital and its beds, and hence they improve the efficiency of bed management and they facilitate the more effective(More)
Resource management is an essential feature of hospital management. This is especially true for geriatric services, as older people often have complex medical and social needs. Hospital management should benefit from an explanatory model that provides predictions of duration of stay and destination on discharge. We describe how a Bayesian belief network(More)
By integrating queuing theory and compartmental models of flow we demonstrate how changing admission rates, length of stay and bed allocation influence bed occupancy, emptiness and rejection in departments of geriatric medicine. By extending the model to include waiting beds, we show how the provision of extra, emergency use, unstaffed, back up beds could(More)
The flow of patients through geriatric hospitals has been previously described in terms of acute (short-stay), rehabilitation (medium-stay), and long-stay states where the bed occupancy at a census point is modelled by a mixed exponential model using BOMPS (Bed Occupancy Modelling and Planning System). In this a patient is initially admitted to acute care.(More)
Understanding the pattern of length of stay in institutional long-term care has important practical implications in the management of long-term care. Furthermore, residents' attributes are believed to have significant effects on these patterns. In this paper, we present a model-based approach to extract, from a routinely gathered administrative social care(More)
A frequently chosen time window in defining readmission is 28 days after discharge. Yet in the literature, shorter and longer periods such as 14 days or 90-180 days have also been suggested. In this paper, we develop a modeling approach that systematically tackles the issue surrounding the appropriate choice of a time window as a definition of readmission.(More)
Thyrotrophin-releasing hormone and gonadotrophin-releasing hormone were measured in lumbar CSF from patients with idiopathic senile dementia, cerebral tumours and spinal disc lesions. Somatostatin was also measured in lumbar CSF from patients with dementia and patients with other neurological disorders, but the numbers involved were much smaller. The levels(More)
Surgical departments treat two groups of inpatients--the simple and the complex--consequently a single average fails to describe the use being made of the occupied beds. Using decision support techniques, we show why indicators such as the average length, the average occupancy and the average admissions mislead. Furthermore, by analysing the fluctuating(More)
Healthcare resource planners need to develop policies that ensure optimal allocation of scarce healthcare resources. This goal can be achieved by forecasting daily resource requirements for a given admission policy. If resources are limited, admission should be scheduled according to the resource availability. Such resource availability or demand can change(More)