Peter H.M. Willemsen

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Long-chain fatty acids are the most important substrates for the heart. In addition, they have been shown to affect signalling pathways and gene expression. To explore the effects of long-chain fatty acids on cardiac gene expression, neonatal rat ventricular myocytes were cultured for 48 h with either glucose (10 mm), fatty acids (palmitic and oleic acid,(More)
OBJECTIVE The development of heart failure is invariably associated with extensive fibrosis. Treatment with Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor (PPAR) ligands has been shown to attenuate cardiac fibrosis, but the molecular mechanism underlying this protective effect has remained largely unknown. In this study the potential of each PPAR isoform(More)
Fatty acids are thought to play a role in the activity of uncoupling proteins (UCP) and have been shown to regulate the expression of genes encoding proteins involved in fatty acid handling. Therefore, we investigated whether fatty acids, which are the main substrates for the heart, affect rat cardiac UCP-2 expression in vivo and in vitro. After birth, when(More)
During fasting, when overall metabolism changes, the contribution of glucose and fatty acids (FA) to cardiac energy production alters as well. Here, we examined if the heart is able to adapt to such fasting-induced changes by modulation of its gene expression. Rats were fed ad libitum or fasted for 46 h, resulting in reduced circulating glucose levels and a(More)
Disturbances in lipid metabolism may play an important role in the onset of irreversible myocardial damage. To investigate the effect of ischemia and reperfusion on lipid homeostasis and to delineate its possible consequences for myocardial damage, Krebs-Henseleit-perfused, working rat hearts were subjected to various periods of no-flow ischemia (10 to 90(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)alpha regulates lipid metabolism at the transcriptional level and modulates the expression of genes involved in inflammation, cell proliferation, and differentiation. Although PPARalpha has been shown to mitigate cardiac hypertrophy, knowledge about underlying mechanisms and the nature of signaling pathways(More)
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