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Long-chain fatty acids (FA) coordinately induce the expression of a panel of genes involved in cellular FA metabolism in cardiac muscle cells, thereby promoting their own metabolism. These effects are likely to be mediated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). Whereas the significance of PPARalpha in FA-mediated expression has been(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy and failure are associated with alterations in cardiac substrate metabolism. It remains to be established, however, whether genomically driven changes in cardiac glucose and fatty acid (FA) metabolism represent a key event of the hypertrophic remodeling process. Accordingly, we investigated metabolic gene expression and substrate(More)
Preferential and specific down-regulation of genes involved in fatty acid (FA) uptake and metabolism is considered a hallmark of severe hypertrophic remodeling and progression to cardiac failure. Therefore, we investigated the time course of changes in cardiac metabolic gene expression (1) in mice subjected to regional myocardial infarction (MI) for 4 days,(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates an important role for inflammation in cardiac hypertrophy and failure. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) have been reported to attenuate inflammatory signaling pathways and, as such, may interfere with cardiac remodeling. Accordingly, the objectives of the present study were to explore the relationship(More)
Long-chain fatty acids are the most important substrates for the heart. In addition, they have been shown to affect signalling pathways and gene expression. To explore the effects of long-chain fatty acids on cardiac gene expression, neonatal rat ventricular myocytes were cultured for 48 h with either glucose (10 mm), fatty acids (palmitic and oleic acid,(More)
A membrane protein (FAT) homologous to CD36 has recently been implicated in the binding and transport of long-chain fatty acids (FA). Expression of this protein in rat heart, skeletal muscles and in isolated cardiac cells was studied. Changes in expression during development of the heart were also examined. Expression of FAT was compared to that of the(More)
Fatty acids are thought to play a role in the activity of uncoupling proteins (UCP) and have been shown to regulate the expression of genes encoding proteins involved in fatty acid handling. Therefore, we investigated whether fatty acids, which are the main substrates for the heart, affect rat cardiac UCP-2 expression in vivo and in vitro. After birth, when(More)
Isolated, ejecting rat hearts, perfused with Krebs-Henseleit buffer, were exposed to various periods of global ischemia. Arachidonic acid (AA) accumulated significantly in the ischemic heart when the duration of ischemia exceeded 45 min. During 30 min of reperfusion, tissue levels of AA raised steadily to values of 10.5, 17.7, and 63.1 nmol/g, after 30, 45,(More)
OBJECTIVE The development of heart failure is invariably associated with extensive fibrosis. Treatment with Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor (PPAR) ligands has been shown to attenuate cardiac fibrosis, but the molecular mechanism underlying this protective effect has remained largely unknown. In this study the potential of each PPAR isoform(More)
—Long-chain fatty acids (FA) coordinately induce the expression of a panel of genes involved in cellular FA metabolism in cardiac muscle cells, thereby promoting their own metabolism. These effects are likely to be mediated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). Whereas the significance of PPAR␣ in FA-mediated expression has been(More)