Peter H. Graham

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*MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a pivotal role in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in plants. Information on miRNAs in legumes is as yet scarce. This work investigates miRNAs in an agronomically important legume, common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). *A hybridization approach employing miRNA macroarrays - printed with oligonucleotides complementary(More)
The inoculation of indigenous legumes used in revegetation and wetland reconstruction activities in Minnesota presents problems not found in more traditional seedings. Few studies have sought inoculant-quality rhizobia for the legumes involved or examined their interaction in an environment that involves a number of different legumes seeded simultaneously(More)
Common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) have centers of origin in both Mesoamerica and Andean South America, and have been domesticated in each region for perhaps 5000 years. A third major gene pool may exist in Ecuador and Northern Peru. The diversity of the rhizobia associated with beans has also been studied, but to date with an emphasis on the Mesoamerican(More)
Illinois bundleflower (Desmanthus illinoensis (Michx.) Macmillan) has potential as a grain and forage legume for the American Midwest. Inoculant-quality rhizobia for this legume have been identified but not previously characterized. Rhizobia trapped from 20 soils in the natural range of the Illinois bundleflower had characteristics that placed them(More)
To resolve taxonomic difficulties within the genus Rhizobium L a n g e is suggested the derivation of a variety of tests by which the root-nodule bacteria could be characterised, and the use of these tests in the comparison of strains by computer analysis. 26 Routine identification of strains by this method is impracticable for many Rhizobium research(More)
Twenty-two rhizobial strains isolated from the root nodules of two Chinese peanut cultivars (Arachis hypogaea L. Tianfu no. 3 and a local cultivar) growing at four different sites in the Sichuan province, Southwest China, were characterized by growth rate, rep-PCR, PCR-RFLP of 16S rDNA, partial sequencing of ribosomal genes, and fatty acid-methyl ester(More)
Kura clover (Trifolium ambiguum M.B.) is a persistent rhizomatous forage legume, whose use in the U.S.A. is limited by establishment difficulties in part attributable to nodulation problems. In this study, soil was collected from established stands of Kura clover growing in 9 diverse North American environments. Rhizobia were plant-trapped using Kura clover(More)
Two experiments were carried out to evaluate the effect of acidity on bean-Rhizobium competition for nodule sites. SevenPhaseolus vulgaris host cultivars differing in acid-pH tolerance were grown in sand culture, and irrigated using a sub-irrigation system and nutrient solutions of pH 4.5, 5.0, 5.5, and 6.0. A mixed inoculant of two antibiotically(More)
In the American Midwest, superior N(2)-fixing inoculant strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum consistently fail to produce the majority of nodules on the roots of field-grown soybean. Poor nodulation by inoculant strains is partly due to their inability to stay abreast of the expanding soybean root system in numbers sufficient for them to be competitive with(More)