Peter H G M Willems

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OBJECTIVE There are marked mitochondrial abnormalities in parkin-knock-out Drosophila and other model systems. The aim of our study was to determine mitochondrial function and morphology in parkin-mutant patients. We also investigated whether pharmacological rescue of impaired mitochondrial function may be possible in parkin-mutant human tissue. METHODS(More)
Virtually every mammalian cell contains mitochondria. These double-membrane organelles continuously change shape and position and contain the complete metabolic machinery for the oxidative conversion of pyruvate, fatty acids, and amino acids into ATP. Mitochondria are crucially involved in cellular Ca2+ and redox homeostasis and apoptosis induction.(More)
Mitochondria are essential for cellular bioenergetics by way of energy production in the form of ATP through the process of oxidative phosphorylation. This crucial task is executed by five multi-protein complexes of which mitochondrial NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase or complex I is the largest and most complicated one. During recent years, mutations in(More)
The recently cloned epithelial Ca(2+) channel (ECaC) constitutes the Ca(2+) influx pathway in 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)-responsive epithelia. We have combined patch-clamp analysis and fura-2 fluorescence microscopy to functionally characterize ECaC heterologously expressed in HEK293 cells. The intracellular Ca(2+) concentration in ECaC-expressing cells was(More)
Epigenetic reprogramming of myeloid cells, also known as trained immunity, confers nonspecific protection from secondary infections. Using histone modification profiles of human monocytes trained with the Candida albicans cell wall constituent β-glucan, together with a genome-wide transcriptome, we identified the induced expression of genes involved in(More)
Biogenesis of human mitochondrial complex I (CI) requires the coordinated assembly of 45 subunits derived from both the mitochondrial and nuclear genome. The presence of CI subcomplexes in CI-deficient cells suggests that assembly occurs in distinct steps. However, discriminating between products of assembly or instability is problematic. Using an inducible(More)
Digital-imaging microscopy was performed to study the effect of Coxsackie B3 virus infection on the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration and the Ca2+ content of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). During the course of infection a gradual increase in the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration was observed, due to the influx of extracellular Ca2+. The Ca2+ content of the(More)
Deficiency of NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase or complex I (CI) is the most common cause of disorders of the oxidative phosphorylation system in humans. Using life cell imaging and blue-native electrophoresis we quantitatively compared superoxide production and CI amount and activity in cultured skin fibroblasts of 7 healthy control subjects and 21 children(More)
The recently cloned epithelial Ca2+ channel (ECaC), which is expressed primarily in 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3))-responsive Ca2+ -transporting epithelia, is postulated to constitute the rate-limiting step in active Ca2+ reabsorption. In the present study, the effect of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) was investigated on ECaC mRNA and protein levels in(More)
Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase 9 (ACAD9) is a recently identified member of the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family. It closely resembles very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (VLCAD), involved in mitochondrial beta oxidation of long-chain fatty acids. Contrary to its previously proposed involvement in fatty acid oxidation, we describe a role for ACAD9 in oxidative(More)