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Chemotherapy i.p. is increasingly being tested as a treatment modality for cancer limited to the peritoneal cavity. We have developed a rat tumor model in which penetration and distribution of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) into intraperitoneal tumors have been studied. The platinum concentration in intraperitoneal tumor nodules, measured by two(More)
Platinum distribution was studied in rat peritoneal tumors after i.p. treatment with equimolar doses of carboplatin and cisplatin. Low platinum concentrations (4 ppm) were detected in the periphery of the tumor after carboplatin treatment, whereas no platinum was detected 0.5 mm in from the periphery. In contrast, after cisplatin treatment, high platinum(More)
The spatial distribution of platinum (Pt) in the kidney was studied by an autoradiographic technique, in which cisplatin (CDDP) was replaced by195mPt-labeled CDDP, and by proton-induced X-ray emission (PIXE). Although both studies demonstrated comparable spatial distribution patterns, PIXE had the advantage that Pt concentrations could be determined(More)
The purpose of this study was to optimise intraperitoneal chemotherapy by combining this modality with regional hyperthermia. In vitro data demonstrated that both the uptake of cisplatin into CC531 tumour cells and cytotoxicity were increased at temperatures of 40 degrees C (factor 4) and 43 degrees C (factor 6) compared to 37 degrees C. The increase of(More)
Although calcium (Ca) precipitation may play a pathogenic role in atherosclerosis, information on temporal patterns of microcalcifications in human coronary arteries, their relation to expression of calcification-regulating proteins, and colocalization with iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) is scarce. Human coronary arteries were analyzed post mortem with a proton(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the potential of gadofosveset for contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of plaque in a rabbit model of atherosclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS All experiments were approved by the animal ethics committee. Thirty-one New Zealand White rabbits were included in one of four study groups: animals with atherosclerosis(More)
Pharmacokinetic studies demonstrated the advantage of intraperitoneal oxaliplatin (1-OHP) for cancers restricted to the peritoneal cavity. The area under the concentration X time curve (AUC) in the peritoneal cavity for both total and ultrafiltered drug was almost 2 times higher for 1-OHP than cisplatin (cDDP). The AUC for ultrafiltered 1-OHP in plasma was(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular calcification is associated with poor cardiovascular outcome. Histochemical analysis of calcification and the expression of proteins involved in mineralization are usually based on whole section analysis, thereby often ignoring regional differences in atherosclerotic lesions. At present, limited information is available about factors(More)
The current paradigm reads that calcifications characterize the advanced and complex lesions in the atherosclerotic process. To explore the possibility that coronary artery wall calcifications already commence at an early stage of atherosclerosis, a combination of proton beam techniques with a (sub-) micrometer resolution, i.e., micro-proton induced X-ray(More)
The periplasmic Fe-hydrogenase from Desulfovibrio vulgaris (Hildenborough) contains three iron-sulfur prosthetic groups: two putative electron transferring [4Fe-4S] ferredoxin-like cubanes (two F-clusters), and one putative Fe/S supercluster redox catalyst (one H-cluster). Combined elemental analysis by proton-induced X-ray emission, inductively coupled(More)