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The mucosa in 100 segments of colon and rectum resected for cancer were examined using light microscopy and histochemical techniques. The extent of abnormal or transitional mucosa was defined for each case. Transitional mucosa was present in 93 of 95 adenocarcinomas and one malignant melanoma. The average total length of transitional change was 3.4 cm the(More)
Tamoxifen, a nonsteroidal antiestrogen used widely in the treatment of breast cancer, was tested in a conventional 2-year carcinogenicity bioassay in rats, a species in which tamoxifen acts variably as a partial agonist and antagonist on different target tissues. Groups of 51 males and 52 females were given 5, 20, and 35 mg/kg of tamoxifen/day by gastric(More)
Yondelis (ET-743) is a promising antitumor drug with hepatotoxic properties in animals and humans. Here the hypothesis was tested that dexamethasone can ameliorate manifestations of yondelis-induced hepatotoxicity in the female Wistar rat, which is the animal species with the highest sensitivity toward the adverse hepatic effect of yondelis. Hepatotoxicity(More)
  • Hong Cai, Edwina Scott, +21 authors Karen Brown
  • 2015
Resveratrol is widely promoted as a potential cancer chemopreventive agent, but a lack of information on the optimal dose prohibits rationally designed trials to assess efficacy. To challenge the assumption that "more is better," we compared the pharmacokinetics and activity of a dietary dose with an intake 200 times higher. The dose-response relationship(More)
BALB/c Fech(m1Pas) mice have a mutated ferrochelatase gene resulting in protoporphyria that models the hepatic injury occurring sporadically in human erythropoietic protoporphyria. We used this mouse model to study the development of the injury and to compare the dysfunction of heme synthesis with hepatic gene expression of liver metabolism, oxidative(More)
In vitro and pre-clinical studies have suggested that addition of the diet-derived agent curcumin may provide a suitable adjunct to enhance efficacy of chemotherapy in models of colorectal cancer. However, the majority of evidence for this currently derives from established cell lines. Here, we utilised patient-derived colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) to(More)
Dazoxiben, an orally active specific inhibitor of thromboxane synthetase, was administered by mouth daily to dogs and rats for 6 months. Dogs showed no evidence of toxicity up to 300 mg day-1 kg-1, the highest dose level used. Rats showed no evidence of toxicity after 100 mg day-1 kg-1, but at 300 mg day-1 kg-1 there were slight increases in plasma calcium(More)
Oxfenicine (S-4-hydroxyphenyl glycine) has been shown to protect the rat and dog heart from experimentally induced myocardial ischaemia probably as a result of its ability to divert myocardial metabolism from fatty acid to carbohydrate utilization with a consequent reduction in oxygen consumption. When various dose levels of oxfenicine were administered to(More)
ET-743, an experimental antitumor drug with promising activity in sarcoma, breast and ovarian carcinoma, is currently under phase 2 clinical evaluation. It is hepatotoxic in animals and patients. We tested the hypothesis that indole-3-carbinol (I3C), the hydrolysis product of glucosinolates occurring in cruciferous vegetables, may protect against(More)
Tricin, a flavone found in rice bran, inhibits the growth of human-derived malignant MDA-MB-468 breast tumour cells at submicromolar concentrations. As part of the exploration of tricin as a potential cancer chemopreventive agent, we investigated the duration and cell cycle specificity of growth inhibition elicited by tricin in vitro and the effect of(More)