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Resveratrol is widely promoted as a potential cancer chemopreventive agent, but a lack of information on the optimal dose prohibits rationally designed trials to assess efficacy. To challenge the assumption that "more is better," we compared the pharmacokinetics and activity of a dietary dose with an intake 200 times higher. The dose-response relationship(More)
Yondelis (ET-743) is a promising antitumor drug with hepatotoxic properties in animals and humans. Here the hypothesis was tested that dexamethasone can ameliorate manifestations of yondelis-induced hepatotoxicity in the female Wistar rat, which is the animal species with the highest sensitivity toward the adverse hepatic effect of yondelis. Hepatotoxicity(More)
In vitro and pre-clinical studies have suggested that addition of the diet-derived agent curcumin may provide a suitable adjunct to enhance efficacy of chemotherapy in models of colorectal cancer. However, the majority of evidence for this currently derives from established cell lines. Here, we utilised patient-derived colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) to(More)
Tamoxifen, a nonsteroidal antiestrogen used widely in the treatment of breast cancer, was tested in a conventional 2-year carcinogenicity bioassay in rats, a species in which tamoxifen acts variably as a partial agonist and antagonist on different target tissues. Groups of 51 males and 52 females were given 5, 20, and 35 mg/kg of tamoxifen/day by gastric(More)
Oxfenicine (S-4-hydroxyphenyl glycine) has been shown to protect the rat and dog heart from experimentally induced myocardial ischaemia probably as a result of its ability to divert myocardial metabolism from fatty acid to carbohydrate utilization with a consequent reduction in oxygen consumption. When various dose levels of oxfenicine were administered to(More)
Tricin, a flavone found in rice bran, inhibits the growth of human-derived malignant MDA-MB-468 breast tumour cells at submicromolar concentrations. As part of the exploration of tricin as a potential cancer chemopreventive agent, we investigated the duration and cell cycle specificity of growth inhibition elicited by tricin in vitro and the effect of(More)
Some naturally occurring flavonols, exemplified by quercetin, seem to possess experimental cancer chemopreventive efficacy. Modulation of p53 is a mechanism thought to contribute to their activity. The hypothesis was tested that a synthetic flavonol, 3',4',5'-trimethoxyflavonol (TMFol), can interfere with tumor development and p53 expression in two models(More)
ET-743, an experimental antitumor drug with promising activity in sarcoma, breast and ovarian carcinoma, is currently under phase 2 clinical evaluation. It is hepatotoxic in animals and patients. We tested the hypothesis that indole-3-carbinol (I3C), the hydrolysis product of glucosinolates occurring in cruciferous vegetables, may protect against(More)
Brown rice is a staple dietary constituent in Asia, whereas rice consumed in the Western world is generally white, obtained from brown rice by removal of the bran. We tested the hypothesis that rice bran interferes with development of tumours in TAg, TRansgenic Adenocarcinoma of the Mouse Prostate (TRAMP) or Apc(Min) mice, genetic models of mammary,(More)
Silibinin, a flavonolignan from milk thistle seeds, possesses cancer chemopreventive properties in rodent models of carcinogenesis. We tested the hypotheses that silibinin or silipide, silibinin formulated with phospholipids, delays tumour development in TRAMP or Apc(Min) mice, genetic models of prostate or intestinal malignancies, respectively. Mice(More)