Learn More
1 Introduction We compare different sets of constraints on the co-occurrence of similar consonants within words (the Obligatory Contour Principle, henceforth OCP; generalized from Leben 1973) utilizing Maximum Likelihood fitted logistic regression. We present evidence i) that the featural similarity of consonants matters in predicting whether a certain(More)
This paper presents the first-ever processing experiment on relativization in Avar, an ergative language with prenominal relatives. The results show no processing difference between the ergative subject gap and the absolutive object gap. The absolutive subject gap, however, is processed much faster. We propose a principled explanation for this result. On(More)
What does it mean to compare sets of objects along a scale, for example by saying "the men are taller than the women"? We explore comparison of pluralities in two experiments, eliciting comparison judgments while varying the properties of the members of each set. We find that a plurality is judged as "bigger" when the mean size of its members is larger than(More)
1. Introduction Because L1 learners of natural languages do not receive negative evidence, a basic challenge in designing a psychologically plausible learning algorithm is to ensure end-state restrictiveness. That is, the learner must be assured of arriving at a grammar which allows only the structures allowed in the target language, and no others. If the(More)
Acknowledgments: 39 We thank Peter Graff and Morris Alper for help in the construction of pseudowords, 40 Taylor Hanayik for help with recording the materials, Nina Dronkers for providing the 41 SPGI mask, Chris Rorden, Alfonso Nieto-Castañon and Sheeba Anteraper for help with 42 some preprocessing steps. For comments on this work, we thank the audience at(More)
Atkinson (Reports, 15 April 2011, p. 346) argues that the phonological complexity of languages reflects the loss of phonemic distinctions due to successive founder events during human migration (the serial founder hypothesis). Statistical simulations show that the type I error rate of Atkinson's analysis is hugely inflated. The data at best support only a(More)