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1. Double-barrelled ion-sensitive micro-electrodes were used to measure changes in the intracellular activities of K+, Na+ and Cl- (aiK, aiNa, aiCl) in glial cells of slices from guinea-pig olfactory cortex during repetitive stimulation of the lateral olfactory tract. 2. Base-line levels of aiK, aiNa and aiCl were about 66, 25 and 6 mM, respectively, for(More)
1. The nature, distribution and function of rectifying channels in rat spinal root myelinated axons has been assessed with selective blocking agents and a variety of intracellular and extracellular recording techniques. 2. The electrotonic responses of roots poisoned with tetrodotoxin (TTX) to constant current pulses had fast (rise time much less than 1 ms)(More)
Double-barrelled ion-sensitive micro-electrodes were used to measure the changes of the intracellular activities of Cl-, K+, and Na+ (aiCl, aiK, aiNa) in neurones of isolated rat sympathetic ganglia during the action of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). The membrane potential of some of the neurones was manually 'voltage clamped' by passing current through(More)
Myelinated nerve fibres with a reduced safety factor for conduction due to demyelination are easily blocked by trains of impulses. To find out why, in vivo recordings from rat ventral root fibres demyelinated with diphtheria toxin have been supplemented with in vivo and in vitro recordings from normal fibres. Despite a small rise in extracellular potassium(More)
To study the mechanism of periodic paralysis, we investigated the properties of intact muscle fibers biopsied from a patient who had adynamia episodica hereditaria with electromyographic signs of myotonia. When the potassium concentration in the extracellular medium, [K]e, was 3.5 mmol/l, force of contraction, membrane resting potential, and intracellular(More)
An abnormal axonal membrane conductance might contribute to human diabetic neuropathy. To test this idea, we have compared the threshold changes produced by long-lasting (100-200 ms) de- and hyperpolarizing currents applied to median motor and sensory axons at the wrist in 63 diabetic patients with those from 50 normal controls and 27 amyotrophic lateral(More)
Compound action potentials and electrotonic responses to 150 ms current pulses were recorded from isolated nerve fascicles of human sural nerve biopsies. Compound action potentials in normal bathing solution were characterized by previously described A beta, A delta and C fibre components. In addition, tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium- or calcium-dependent(More)
Enhancement of membrane K(+) conductance may reduce the abnormal excitability of primary afferent nociceptive neurons in neuropathic pain. It has been shown that retigabine, a novel anticonvulsant, activates Kv7 (KCNQ/M) channels in the axonal/nodal membrane of peripheral myelinated axons. In this study, we have tested the effects of retigabine on(More)
1. The mechanism of post-ischaemic ectopic impulse generation in nerve is not known, and previous measurements of excitability changes in human motor axons have appeared to conflict. We have used automatic threshold tracking and different stimulus-response combinations to follow the effects on excitability of brief (5-10 min) periods of ischaemia, too short(More)