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We have identified a new mechanism for the cleavage and activation of nonribosomally made peptides and peptide-polyketide hybrids that are apparently operational in several different bacteria. This process includes the cleavage of a precursor molecule by a membrane-bound and D-asparagine-specific peptidase, as shown here in the biosynthesis of the(More)
The prolactin response to neuroleptics can serve as an index of dopamine blockade in humans. Plasma prolactin increments to single doses of chlorpromazine, and prolactin decrements to single doses of levodopa, were similar in normal and schizophrenic subjects. Antischizophrenic drugs of all chemical classes stimulated prolactin release,while chemically(More)
Structure elucidation of natural products including the absolute configuration is a complex task that involves different analytical methods like mass spectrometry, NMR spectroscopy, and chemical derivation, which are usually performed after the isolation of the compound of interest. Here, a combination of stable isotope labeling of Photorhabdus and(More)
Popularization of the dexamethasone suppression test has focused attention on the relation between cortisol metabolism and mood and behavior. This article considers the biochemistry, physiology, and pharmacology of cortisol and cortisol-like substances. In addition, the effects of external stresses on cortisol metabolism and circadian rhythmicity of(More)
Interest in possible neuroendocrine disturbances in endogenous depression is prompted by two lines of evidence: (1) clinical features of the illness suggest hypothalamic dysfunction; (2) the brain neurotransmitters implicated in depression also regulate neuroendocrine function. Our research reveals a marked, sustained hypersecretion in cortisol in severe(More)
Novel chatechol/hydroxamate siderophores (named "fimsbactins") were identified in Acinetobacter baumannii ATCC 17978 and Acinetobacter baylyi ADP1. The major compound, fimsbactin A, was isolated from low-iron cultures of A. baylyi ADP1, and its chemical structure was elucidated by mass spectrometry, and detailed (1)H, (13)C and (15)N NMR spectroscopy. From(More)
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are widespread plant natural products with potent toxicity and bioactivity. Herein, the identification of bacterial PAs from entomopathogenic bacteria using differential analysis by 2D NMR spectroscopy (DANS) and mass spectrometry is described. Their biosynthesis was elucidated to involve a non-ribosomal peptide synthetase. The(More)