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OBJECTIVE We studied the association between anemia in pregnancy and characteristics related to nutrition and infections. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Four antenatal clinics in rural northern Tanzania. SUBJECTS/METHODS A total of 2547 women were screened for hemoglobin (Hb) and malaria plasmodia in capillary blood and for infections in urine.(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate maternal mortality in two samples of a population in northern Tanzania. SETTING Rural communities and antenatal clinics, Mbulu and Hanang districts, Arusha region, Tanzania. POPULATION From a household survey 2,043 men and women aged 15-60, and from an antenatal clinic survey 4,172 women aged 15-59. METHOD The indirect sisterhood(More)
BACKGROUND Tanzania has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in sub-Saharan Africa. Due to the paucity of epidemiological information on maternal deaths, and the high maternal mortality estimates found earlier in the study area, our objective was to assess determinants of maternal deaths in a rural setting in the highlands of northern Tanzania by(More)
BACKGROUND To assess causes and characteristics of maternal deaths in a poorly characterized area. METHODS A health facility- and population-based study, with an audit of case series on maternal deaths, was done in two divisions with 42 villages (population 143 000), in Mbulu and Hanang districts, Arusha region, Tanzania. In 1995, all known deaths of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the causes of stillbirths and neonatal deaths in the community in rural Tanzania and to evaluate whether the deaths were avoidable under the prevailing circumstances. DESIGN Review of stillbirths and neonatal deaths. SETTING Rural northern Tanzania, Mbulu and Hanang districts. SAMPLE One hundred and nineteen stillbirth and(More)
BACKGROUND Anemia in pregnancy is common in Tanzania, but many areas have not been investigated. This study describes prevalence and determinants of anemia among rural pregnant women living at 1300-2200 meters above sea level in Northern Tanzania. METHODS Three thousand eight hundred and thirty-six pregnant women from two rural divisions of Mbulu and(More)
The study was conducted to investigate the association between perinatal mortalityand factors relating to nutrition and infections in a rural population in northern Tanzania. A cohort of 3,618 women attending antenatal clinics was registered with background information and the results of antenatal examinations, and followed up after delivery. Stillbirths(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the prevalence of dysuria, dipsticks positive on nitrite and leukocyte esterase and positive Uricult dip slides among pregnant women in rural Tanzania. METHODS 3,715 pregnant women were examined for dysuria and had their urine tested with nitrite and leukocyte esterase dipsticks and Uricult dipslides, at their first antenatal visit in(More)
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