Peter Gais

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PURPOSE Aurora kinase A (AURKA/STK15/BTAK) encodes a serine/threonine kinase associated with chromosomal distribution and its up-regulation induces chromosomal instability, thereby leading to aneuploidy and cell transformation in several types of cancer. In this study, we investigated the role of AURKA in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). (More)
BACKGROUND Schwann cell-seeded guidance tubes have been shown to promote cavernous nerve regeneration, and the local delivery of neurotrophic factors may additionally enhance nerve regenerative capacity. The present study evaluates whether the transplantation of GDNF-overexpressing Schwann cells may enhance regeneration of bilaterally transected erectile(More)
Sensory testing, by providing stimuli for nociceptors of the foot, is a popular method of evaluating sensory regeneration after damage to the sciatic nerve in the rat. In the following study, 20 rats were submitted to double transection of the sciatic nerve. The subsequent 14 mm gap was repaired through guidance interponation. In order to evaluate nerve(More)
Amplification of the Her-2/neu gene is accompanied by overexpression of its cell surface receptor product, c-erbB-2 protein. To investigate the degree of intratumoural heterogeneity we applied immunohistochemistry in primary Barrett's adenocarcinoma (BCA) (n = 6) and dysplasia adjacent to the carcinoma (n = 4). In addition, fluorescence in situ(More)
Striking inconsistencies between the results of morphometric and electrophysiologic examinations of the regenerating nerve were observed in a previous study featuring the bridging of a 14 mm gap in the rat sciatic nerve. To shed light on this dichotomy, seven further rats were subjected to permanent sciatic nerve transection and assessed(More)
BACKGROUND The validation of novel prognostic indicators is of greatest interest for the management of esophageal adenocarcinoma (Barrett's cancer), particularly for non-metastasized (stage I-IIA) disease. The prognostic role of tumor infiltrating T-lymphocytes (TILs) in Barrett's cancer has not been reported so far. Here we evaluated the impact of TILs on(More)
Since 1983, a long-term clinical trial of esophageal carcinoma chemoprevention has been conducted in a high-risk area in China. From this study, 25 esophageal severe dysplasia patients without therapy were selected for analysis. After 5-year follow-ups, 14 cases progressed to esophageal carcinoma, while the other 11 cases remained stable. Three(More)
An algorithm for automatic segmentation of PAP-stained cell images and its digital implementation is described. First, the image is filtered in order to eliminate the granularily and small objects in the image which may upset the segmentation procedure. In a second step, information on gradient and compactness is extracted from the filtered image and stored(More)
Neuroendocrine tumours (NET) of the lung are divided in subtypes with different malignant potential. The first is the benign or low-grade malignant tumours, well-differentiated, called typical carcinoids (TC) and the second is the high-grade malignant tumours, poorly differentiated of small (SCLC) or large cell type (LCLC). Between these tumour types lies(More)
Stereological techniques have been increasingly employed for assessment and characterization of neuromuscular diseases in humans and animals. As an adjunct to histopathology, morphometrical algorithms provide quantitative evidence of the peripheral nerve composition, thereby shedding light on its fibre characteristics and basic electrophysiological(More)