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Currents generated by depolarizing voltage pulses were recorded in neurons from the pyramidal cell layer of the CA1 region of rat or guinea pig hippocampus with single electrode voltage-clamp or tight-seal whole-cell voltage-clamp techniques. In neurons in situ in slices, and in dissociated neurons, subtraction of currents generated by identical(More)
Neurons were acutely dissociated from the CA1 region of hippocampal slices from guinea pigs. Whole-cell recording techniques were used to record and control membrane potential. When the electrode contained KF, the average resting potential was about -40 mV and action potentials in cells at -80 mV (current-clamped) had an amplitude greater than 100 mV. Cells(More)
Techniques for extracting small, single channel ion currents from background noise are described and tested. It is assumed that single channel currents are generated by a first-order, finite-state, discrete-time, Markov process to which is added 'white' background noise from the recording apparatus (electrode, amplifiers, etc). Given the observations and(More)
Spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents (i.p.s.cs) were recorded in voltage-clamped CA1 neurones in rat hippocampal slices. The exponential decay of i.p.s.cs was prolonged by concentrations of sodium pentobarbitone as low as 50 microM. With concentrations up to 100 microM, there was no change in the amplitude or rise time of the currents but current(More)
1. Action potentials recorded in the soma of R15 neurones in the abdominal ganglia of Aplysia juliana were not suppressed by selective inhibition of either Na or Ca conductance alone. It was necessary to block both conductances to suppress action potentials. 2. Membrane currents generated by step depolarizations of the soma consisted of early transient and(More)
1. Miniature end-plate currents were recorded at neuromuscular junctions of toads, either in voltage-clamped fibres or with extracellular electrodes. The two methods gave similar results. 2. Two types of m.e.p.c.s, differing in their growth times (50-300 musec and 0-5-5 msec) were found. The more frequent had the shorter growth times. 3. The decay of(More)
1. The transient increase in secretion of quanta of acetylcholine (phasic secretion) produced by an action potential or brief depolarizing current pulse in mouse phrenic nerve terminals was examined. 2. Following an activating stimulus, there was a brief delay (minimum latency) followed by a sigmoidal increase in secretion which then decayed exponentially.(More)
1. Persistent sodium channel activity was recorded before and during hypoxia from cell-attached and inside-out patches obtained from cultured hippocampal neurons at a pipette potential (Vp) of +30 mV. Average mean current (IU) of these channels was very low under normoxic conditions and was similar in cell-attached and excised inside-out patches (-0.018 +/-(More)
Single channel currents were activated by GABA (0.5 to 5 microM) in cell-attached and inside-out patches from cells in the dentate gyrus of rat hippocampal slices. The currents reversed at the chloride equilibrium potential and were blocked by bicuculline (100 microM). Several different kinds of channel were seen: high conductance and low conductance,(More)