Peter G. Waser

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Understanding why dispersal is sex-biased in many taxa is still a major concern in evolutionary ecology. Dispersal tends to be male-biased in mammals and female-biased in birds, but counter-examples exist and little is known about sex bias in other taxa. Obtaining accurate measures of dispersal in the field remains a problem. Here we describe and compare(More)
The effects of 60-60 min light-dark (LD) cycles on sleep, feeding, drinking and motor activity were investigated in the rat. Waking, consummatory behaviour and motor activity were inhibited by light, while sleep was enhanced. The effects were dependent on the intensity of light. The percentage of slow wave sleep (SS) increased within the first 15 min of the(More)
The incorporation of [3H]choline into acetylcholine and other choline-containing compounds was investigated in slice cultures of the septal area of newborn rats. At choline concentrations in the range of the high affinity transport mechanism (0.1-1 microM) most of the labeled choline was incorporated into phosphorylcholine, followed by lipids, acetylcholine(More)
The interaction of obidoxime (Toxogonin®) with sarin was shown by different analytical methods. The UV spectrum of obidoxime at pH 7.4 yields two absorption maxima, λ1=284 nm and λ2=353 nm. The peak at λ2=353 nm is representative for the amount of zwitterionic obidoxime, i.e. the active form of obidoxime. By addition of sarin, λ1 shifts immediately to 278(More)
9 derivatives of sulfanilamide were tested for anticonvulsant properties against electroconvulsive shock in mice and rats and against pentylenetetrazole shock in mice. Reference standard in these tests was sulfanilamide. Their toxic, analgesic and sedative activities were also examined. The anticonvulsive activity of sulfanilamide could be enhanced by(More)
The relation of the structure of 31 quaternary ammonium compounds (28 inhibitors; 3 substrate analogues) with their effects on the activity of acetylcholinesterase (EC; AChE) was studied. The compounds were structurally related to the natural substrate acetylcholine (ACh). All bear a trimethylammonium moiety as cationic head. The inhibitors include(More)
The acute and subchronic effects of hashish extract (20 mg delta 9-THC/kg) on the behavior of male mice encountering a control partner was studied by ethological methods. A single administration of the extract resulted in general sedation, suppressing all the individual and social activities with the exception of some submissive elements. The locomotive and(More)